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Dictator – a leader who gains complete control of a country’s government. Hitler’s Political party was called the Nazi party. They believed in fascism (individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government). Adolf Hitler Dictator of Germany - 1933 Their goals: to attack and conquer other countries. Axis Powers Allied Powers • Germany-Hitler • Britain - Churchill • Italy-Mussolini • France • Japan - Hirohito • Poland Who started it? 1. Germany threatened to invade Poland. 2. Britain and France said, “You better not, or else…” 3. Germany ignored the treat and did it anyway. 4. Britain and France declared war on Germany. 5. Unfortunately, Germany quickly conquered France and Poland. Problem Winston Churchill (leader of Britain) needed U.S. help! Americans didn’t want another World War. (isolationism) Solution Lend-Lease policy – The U.S. let Britain borrow military supplies without officially entering the war. America Spoke out against Japanese expansion Japan Thought the U.S. was standing in their way Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Soviet Union was ruled by a dictator named Joseph Stalin. Although Stalin had an agreement with Hitler, Hitler invaded the Soviet Union. Stalin had no choice but to join the Allied Powers. Axis Powers Italy Germany Japan Allied Powers Great Britain United States of America Soviet Union Canada United States Draft Card • The U.S. was not prepared for war. • 10 million men were drafted Supply and Demand Allied Powers need weapons – We can make them. How did this get us out of the Great Depression? How did this impact our economy? Serve in Military Airplanes Pilots Radio Operators What were the roles of women during WWII? Nurses mechanics Rosie the Riveter athletes What were the roles of African Americans during WWII? Tuskegee Airmen How did Americans help the war effort? Scrap drives Rationing Victory Gardens The Japanese just bombed Pearl Harbor. How did this make Americans feel about the Japanese living in America? Japanese Internment Camps Japanese Internment Camps Manhattan Project – code name given to the effort to build an atomic bomb. Albert Einstein D-Day (Date of Invasion) Who: General Dwight D. Eisenhower, 175,00 soldiers, and 6,000 ships. Where: Normandy, France What: The Allies fought their way onto the beach and successfully invaded Normandy, making their way toward Germany. When: June 6, 1944 V-E Day (Victory in Europe) May 8, 1945; Germany surrendered!! The United States and Soviet Union invaded Germany at the same time from two different locations. When Soviet Union neared Berlin, Hitler killed himself Iwo Jima (Now to invade Japan!) Strategy: Island hopping – capture the most important islands from the Japanese. The fighting on Iwo Jima was “the toughest the Marines ran across in 168 years” Why is this a good strategy? V-J Day (Victory in Japan) August 14, 1945 Harry S. Truman (New US President) decided to use atomic bombs on Japan. WHY? This might force Japan to surrender and save American lives. First Atomic Bomb used in war. Second Atomic Bomb used in war. The Nazi party had a strict policy of anti-Semitism (the hatred of Jews). Laws limited the rights of Jews in Germany. During WWII Nazi leaders decided to destroy the entire Jewish population of Europe. When German forces captured a country, they arrested all Jews who lived there. They were taken to concentration camps. 50 countries met and formed the United Nations Purpose: To promote global cooperation to try to avoid such terrible wars in the future.