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Chapter 11 - Attraction
Part 1: Apr. 13, 2015
Attraction
• Humans have social needs – benefits?
– Affiliation
– Loneliness – flip side of affiliation…peaks
when?
• What factors determine friendships?
• 1. Proximity – most powerful predictor.
– We like those we are close to/live with. Why?
– Explanations of proximity effect:
– A) Anticipated interactions
– B) Mere Exposure effect –
• Mirror image example: self vs. friends’ preferences
• 2. Physical Attractiveness
– Predicts dating frequency and nature of
interactions with others.
• Matching phenomenon – pair off with
people of similar attractiveness
– How does this work?
– What effects are there?
• Influences adults’ judgments –
– Study of ratings of kids – Salary differences?
• “What is beautiful is good” stereotype
– Any real differences?
Attractiveness Ratings
• Although beauty standards vary across
time & culture, in general, we prefer –
– 1)
– 2)
Mate Selection
• Much research based on evolution…
– Universal patterns:
– Female Preferences:
– Male Preferences:
• Criticisms of evolutionary approach?