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Through the Tunnel
DORIS LESSING
Through the Tunnel
Protagonist
 Jerry
 Age?
 11
 Family?
 No
siblings
 Father deceased
 Mother
 Culture?
 British
 On
“holiday”
Point of View
 Third Person - Limited
Omniscient
 Jerry
 The mother
 Boys?
Through the Tunnel
Point of View: Third Person - Limited Omniscient
 Jerry
 “He
was very familiar
with that anxious,
apologetic smile.”
 The mother
“She was thinking , Of course he’s old
enough to be safe without me. Have I
been keeping him too close? He
musn’t feel he ought to be with me. I
must be careful.”
Through the Tunnel
Conflict
Internal
External
“The were big
boys—men to
Jerry.”
“And now, in a panic of
failure, he yelled up, in
English, ‘Look at me!
Look!’...”
Through the Tunnel
Setting
France
British
“holiday”
Familiar
with beach
“…and then to the crowded beach he
knew so well from other years.”
Jagged
rocks
“..wild and rocky bay…” “…among the
fanged and angry boulders.”
Villa
Through the Tunnel
Symbolism
Beach
Setting
Rocks
Through the Tunnel
Symbolism
Goggles
“Now he could
see. It was as if he
had eyes of a
different world…”
Stone
Anchor
Leaves stone behind
“Weapon”
Objects
Nose Bleed
Mark of adulthood
“Badge of Courage”
Physical sacrifice
Tunnel
Portal of manhood
Between two worlds
“Belly of the Beast”
Cannot return to previous world
“Rebirth” - BIRTH
Through the Tunnel
Style
Imagery and Similes
“It was like a water dance…the
water sparkled as if sequins were
dropping through it. Fish again
—myriads of minute fish, the
length of his fingernail[. ..]he
could feel the innumerable tiny
touches of them against his
limbs. It was like swimming in
flaked silver…”
Themes
man vs. nature
alienation vs. loneliness
boyhood vs. adulthood
individual vs. himself
Others?