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Transcript
Mainstreaming
Biodiversity
through
Development
Cooperation
Arnold Jacques de Dixmude,
European Commission Development Cooperation Office EuropeAid
Side-Event at CBD COP-12
Pyeongchang, 13 October 2014
EuropeAid's approach to biodiversity
mainstreaming
1) Biodiversity as principal objective
2) Biodiversity as significant objective
3) "Biodiversity-proof" development
cooperation
4) How to upscale dev.coop. contribution to
biodiversity?
5) Facts & Figures
1. Biodiversity as principal objective
a) Biodiversity specific actions  Saving habitats, protected
areas and productive landscapes, including through
capacity building.:
• Project-based support to public protected areas,
country approach
• Project-based support to public PA, regional
integration approach
• Grant-awarding facility for civil society
empowerment for biodiversity
• Payment for Ecosystem Services
• Budget Support Approach
1. Biodiversity as principal objective
b) Biodiversity mainstreamed in economic and development
policy :
• TEEB
• BIOFIN
• WAVES
• Support to NBSAPs 2.0 process.
2. Biodiversity as significant objective
 Biodiversity mainstreamed in affine sectors, where
synergies are likely and money flows bigger :
• Climate change ("ecosystem-based adaptation or
mitigation")  GCCA+ Flagship – commitment for 20% of
EU budget climate-relevant.
• Agriculture/Rural Development/Food Security: priority
sector for the "Agenda for Change"
 in nearly half of the MIPs of bilateral cooperation
(EDF/DCI-geogr.)
 enhanced provision for Food Security GPGC
(thematic instrument)
2. Biodiversity as significant objective
 Biodiversity mainstreamed in affine sectors, where
synergies are likely and money flows bigger :
• Forestry:
• Action against illegal timber (FLEGT)
• REDD+
•
•
•
•
Coastal/marine management:
Ecosystem-based resilience (DRR)
Sustainable coastal management
Policy commitment and measures against IUU fishery.
3. 'Biodiversity-proof' development cooperation
 Biodiversity taken into consideration in all sectors:
• Compulsory procedures (screening, EIA, SEA) (Guidelines)
• Environment-wide approach (in which biodiversity is one
aspect among others).
• Relevant where biodiversity wouldn't usually be
considered: infrastructure, extractive and transformative
industry, b-a-u economy, health, education.
 Undesired side-effects on environment (incl. biodiv.) are
identified.
 Where necessary mitigation or compensation measures are
provided by the project design.
4. How to upscale biodiversity mainstreaming
• New Multi-annual Financial Framework 2014-2020:
 New Thematic Instrument: Global Public Good and
Challenges – GPGC
•€ 5.1 Bn over 7 years of which € 1.377 Bn for climate
change and environment (incl. biodiv. ~30% i.e. € 400 M).
•Means 0.8% of total Dvpt Coop instruments (EDF + DCI)
• A Flagship Initiative to scale up biodiversity:
The EU Biodiversity for Life Flagship – B4Life
 More holistic and coherent approach of the EU development
cooperation in biodiversity
 Alignment on the Agenda for Change, the EU Biodiversity
Strategy to 2020 and the Post-2015 Framework.
4. How to upscale biodiversity mainstreaming
Through…
•Internal lobbying, training, awareness raising, guidance for
staff
•Political dialogue with partner countries, Green Diplomacy
Network
Increase resources for biodiversity specific actions, through
thematic, bilateral, regional and global cooperation channels
Increase mainstreaming of biodiversity in sectors: outreach
to geographic division to influence multi-year programming.
Insist on positive socio-economic opportunities.
EuropeAid
5. Facts & Figures
• EuropeAid = third world biggest donor for
biodiversity: € 1,600 million from 2007 to 2013.
• Biodiversity principal (2007-2013): € 530 million
• Biodiversity significant (2007-2013): € 1,070
million
• Share of activities with biodiversity as significant
(not principal) objective increased from 46% in
2007 to 82 % in 2013
EuropeAid
5. Facts & Figures
• Compared to total of EuropeAid's main
developing cooperation instruments for 20072013 (EDF + DCI): € 37,619 million  4.25%
for biodiversity.
• Average 2006-2010 : € 194 million
• 2011: € 174 M = -10.22%
• 2012: € 289 M = +49.12%
• 2013: € 305 M = +57.38%
( on track toward the RM international target ??)