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World Bank and the GEF –
Land Degradation
GEF Expanded Constituency Workshop
1 to 3 November 2011
Cape Town, South Africa
World Bank and the GEF Program
•
Investment lending: Bank’s global program includes projects/programs in all GEF focal areas
(GEF Instrument)
• High co-financing: Bank projects leverage high co-financing ($27 Billion: 6:1 ratio) and
opportunity to blend GEF support with investment operation
• Policy and sector dialogue. Bank country engagement draws on coordination of donor activities
in the sector and on the Bank’s policy dialogue and lending in sustainable development to link
local and global benefits
• Program management. Long experience in managing large programs with the GEF
(TerrAfrica, Sahel GGWI, Fisheries investment, Congo Basin Forests, POPs African Stockpiles)
• Good results. Bank GEF portfolio high cost-effectiveness and results (Evaluation ratings)
• Technical expertise across Focal Areas. Collaboration in energy, sustainable land management,
water, transport, chemicals and natural resource management
• Innovative financial instruments. Bank can leverage a range of tools and mechanisms with
innovative financial solutions for greater impact (non-grant instruments, loans, GEF, CIF, Carbon
Finance etc.)
GEF SLN in the Bank:
• 11 active projects in WBG portfolio, window of growing importance as these investments are
usually important for climate change adaptation
• Largest programs are in Africa (TerraAfrica)
• Convergence with the agriculture and rural development sector programs
TerrAfrica Partnership and its GEF
Strategic Investment Program for SLM in
Sub-Saharan Africa (SIP)
•
Challenges for SLM:
– Land degradation affects almost 500 million people and two-thirds of productive land
– Africa has 17% of the world’s forest and deforestation is driven strongly by agricultural
expansion
– Africa bears a US$ 9 B cost per year linked
to poor land management
– Climate risk add further costs and
complexity
•
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A multi-partner program:
Participating Countries (so far):
Burkina Faso, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi,
Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda,
Tanzania, Togo, Zambia
Secretariat hosted by NEPAD
TerrAfrica Partnership and its GEF
Strategic Investment program for SLM in
Sub-Saharan Africa (SIP)
• GEF SIP Background
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36 operations under implementation in 26 countries
US$ 1.3 B (US$ 150 M GEF)
6 implementing agencies (AfDB, FAO, IFAD, UNDP, UNEP, WB)
Cross-portfolio knowledge management and M&E anchored in AU/NPCA
AU/NPCA and WB co-chair SIP Steering Committee
• Lessons for future Programs
– Transaction costs of accessing GEF reduced
– Non-GEF funding better aligned
– Better blending, better lending, better financing: TerrAfrica provides
investment platform broader than only GEF (costs to GEF reduced,
investments better linked to policy and knowledge, duplications avoided)
World Bank/GEF Sahel and West Africa Program
(SAWAP) in Support of the Great Green Wall
Green Wall
To expand sustainable land and water
H
management in targeted landscapes and
climate vulnerable areas
•
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•
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GEF Council approved in May 2011
Almost $2B ($108M GEF, LDCF, SCCF)
Integrated financing: GEF biodiversity, land
degradation and climate change windows,
adaptation funds, IDA, trust funds, govts
Responds to CCD, FCCC, CBD and countries’
multi-sector priorities
12 countries developing investment operations
1 regional information and monitoring
operation