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Overview of Opportunities for Research and
Collaboration Relevant to Climate Change and
Improve GHG inventory from forest sector in India
Assess mitigation opportunities, costs and benefits
in forest sector
Asses impacts of projected climate change on forest
ecosystems and plantation forestry
Identify strategies and silvicultural practices to
reduce vulnerability and adapt to changing climate
Identify institutional requirements and best
practices to implement such strategies
Explore opportunities to benefit from global
I GHG Inventory from Forest Sector in India:
F-7 Network analysis using COPATH model
 No net CO2 emissions from forest sector during
Estimates using IPCC-1995 Guidelines
Net emissions of CO2 for 1990 at 1.4 MtC
Estimates using revised IPCC 1996 guidelines
using default data
Net CO2 emissions during 1994 at 92 MtC
National Communication Process
Indian Institute of Science
Forest Survey of India
Forest Research Institute
I GHG Inventory from Forest Sector in India:
Research Opportunities
 Developing land use change matrix covering all land uses;
Forest and Non-forest
 Estimating carbon pools in different land use systems
Above ground biomass
Below ground biomass
Soil carbon
 Estimating carbon fluxes under different land use
change situations and management systems
 Soil carbon stocks and flows under land use change and
management for different land use categories
 Estimates of extraction of fuelwood and timber from
different forest and non-forest sources
 Explore use of forest inventory for GHG inventory
II. Impacts of Climate Change and
Adaptation Strategies: Background
Assessment of impact of climate change
on forest ecosystems in India
Indian Institute of Science
2. Assessment of climate change on forest
ecosystems in the Western Ghats
Indian Institute of Science
3. Impacts of climate change on forests in
Himachal Pradesh
Tata Energy Research Institute
II. Impacts of Climate Change and Adaptation
Strategies: Research Needs
 Assessment of impacts of projected climate change (scenarios)
on forests at the national & regional level
 Biodiversity
 Forest regeneration
 Biomass growth rates
 Timber production
 NTFP flows
 Identify vulnerable forest ecosystems
 Assess socio-economic implications of impacts of climate change
 Develop adaptation technologies, silvicultural practices and
 Link adaptation with mitigation strategies & options
 Adapt vegetation response models to diverse tropical forest
III. Climate Mitigation in Forest
Sector: Background
• F-7 Network analysis using COMAP model (1995)
– Technical potential estimated & published in 1995
• ALGAS work (1998)
– Estimated potential for plantation forestry &
• F-7 update using COMAP model (2001)
– Estimated incremental mitigation potential of
sustainable & commercial forestry scenario
• Case studies of agroforestry in Tumkur dist.
• Exploring CDM guidelines for A&R in Adilabad dist.
• Several research institutions are involved
III. Climate mitigation in Forest Sector:
Research Needs
• Practices and technologies
– Identify potential mitigation options or activities: by state
– Develop or adapt existing models to estimate mitigation
potential, costs and benefits for different activities
– Estimate mitigation potential, cost effectiveness,
investment needed, land requirements and availability
• Technical potential vs. economic or market potential
– Assess co-benefits and co-effects: biodiversity, income etc.
– Timber production, supply and demand modeling and
– Economic analysis of land use climate mitigation options
– Policies and programs
• Develop a sustainable forest management strategy including
meeting the growing round wood demand
• Study land use management and changes, land tenures and
land use policies
IV. Projects: Specific Studies Needed
 Study Afforestation and Reforestation activities which
are likely to be eligible under Article 12 or other
international approaches at the state level
 Develop or adapt models to assess mitigation potential,
costs, benefits
 Economic and market potential in different states
 Develop or adapt models to rank barriers in different
states & incorporate them for assessing mitigation pot.
 Develop approaches and methods for addressing issues
such as permanence, leakage, additionality
 Strengthen institutional capacity to address climate
change related issues in forestry sector
 Evolve institutional arrangements needed to involve local
communities, ensure enhanced livelihoods
V. Collaboration Background; Areas of
interest to USA & Experience so far
US Experience of Collaboration & assistance
 US Country Studies Programme
 FORCLIMIT ASIA; Indonesia, the Philippines & Malaysia
 F-7 network: 7 key tropical countries
 Mexico & Russian: Continuing cooperation
Current focus of USEPA, LBNL on research and
Technical Assistance in climate change and Forestry
 Major Institutions involved
 Areas of Work and Activities
Potential opportunities for collaboration between
USEPA and India, LBNL and Indian Institutions
V. Collaboration Goals
• Some lessons from US international cooperation on
climate and forestry issues
– Identify a set of activities over time, and be
persistent (these take time): say 1.5-2 years
– Select activities that can produce real, policyuseful products, and do not try to do everything
– Include government agencies, private sector,
academia and NGOs in consultations on key issues
– Meet 1-2 times per year to develop continuing
– Plan to publish results in technical journals
– Seek to share technical tools (e.g. models) and
methods (eg. work in progress)