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Chapter 7 Section 1
OBJECTIVES: What will you be learning?

SWBAT: Describe how the war of 1812 helped increase nationalism in
the United States.

SWBAT: Explain how the Monroe Doctrine reflected growing U.S.
power.
Homework Questions:

How did the War of 1812 inspire Nationalism?

What agreements did President Monroe make with Great Britain?

List in chronological order from 1810 to 1819 the events that led to
the U.S. acquisition of East Florida.

Why did President Monroe issue the Monroe Doctrine?
Nationalism Takes Root

Much of the new nationalism in the Unites States
sprang from the country’s success in the War of
1812.
 It
confirmed U.S. independence from Europe and
showed that the nation was growing and vital.
The war stirred a new sense of Nationalism, or
national pride and loyalty.
 In 1816 the Republicans nominated James Monroe
to the Presidency and easily defeated his
Federalist opponent.

 The
Federalist Party had collapsed due to their
opposition of the war.
Relations with Great Britain

Monroe was faced with fixing Foreign Policy
issues….

After the War of 1812 the U.S. and Britain
continued to sail warships on the Great Lakes.

Idea of Disarmament: Rush-Bagot Agreement
(1817): pact limiting naval power on the Great
Lakes for the U.S. and Britain.

Convention of 1818: (Fight over Fishing Rights!)
an agreement between the U.S. and Britain that
established the U.S.-Canada border at the 49th
parallel west to the Rocky Mountains and joint
occupation of Oregon County.
CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING
 How
did the War of 1812 inspire Nationalism?
It confirmed U.S. independence from Europe and showed that the nation was
growing and vital.

What agreements did President Monroe make with
Great Britain?
Rush-Bagot Agreement: Limited each country’s naval presence on Great lakes.
Convention of 1818: allowed fishing in disputed waters and joint occupation of
Oregon Country.
Relations with Spain

Settling border disputes with U.S. neighbors to the south
proved more difficult…

1810 a group of American settlers sparked a revolt
by occupying a Spanish fort in West Florida (Baton
Rouge)

They tore down a Spanish Flag and replaced it
with one representing “The Republic of West
Florida”
He declared that the area should have been included in
the Louisiana Purchase, therefore it belonged to the
United States.
 Monroe sends U.S. troops to this area and by the end of
the War of 1812 controlled most of West Florida.



At the same time many of Spain’s colonies in
Central and South America were revolting. In order
for Spain to try to stop these independence
movements, Spain sends their Florida troops to
Latin America.
*SMIRK*President Monroe*SMIRK* saw this
reduction of Spanish forces as a chance for the U.S.
to gain control over the rest of Florida.
Relations with Spain



Also, Americans complained that the Seminole (American
Indians) were crossing the border to raid U.S. towns.
President Monroe gave General Andrew Jackson command
of a force to stop the Indian raids.
First Seminole War: Jackson’s troops crossed over into
East Florida and also began seizing Spanish forts in the
Area.

Eventually U.S. troops controlled virtually every Spanish fort in East
Florida.

Publicly, Monroe declared that Jackson had acted on his
own, without presidential authority. He did not want a
war against Spain.

Spain was given an ultimatum, they must guarantee that they could
control the Seminole or else it must cede East Florida to the U.S.
 Because Spain needed its forces in Europe and Latin America, they
had no alternative.
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819): Agreement in which Spain transferred East
Florida to the United States.

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING

Try to list some events that led to the U.S. acquisition of
East Florida.
Jackson’s troops seize Spanish forts;
America issues ultimatum about controlling the Seminole
Indians;
Spain transfers East Florida to the United States in the
Adams-Onis Treaty.
The Monroe Doctrine

By the early 1820’s most of Spain’s Latin American colonies had launched revolutions.





U.S. citizens tended to support these rebellions, many of which were inspired by the
American Revolution.
One of the greatest Latin American revolutionaries was Simon Bolivar of Venezuela.
He helped win independence for his own country in 1821.
President Monroe and other U.S. officials realized that the independence of these new
Latin American nations was not secure. Monroe knew that other European powers
hoped to seize control of the unstable new republics.
President Monroe wrote to Thomas Jefferson “We would view an interference [in Latin
America] on the part of the European powers as an attack on ourselves.”
Monroe Doctrine (1823): President James Monroe’s statement that the United States
would not interfere in existing European colonies in Latin America but would consider
any new attempt to regain former colonies or establish new ones in the Western
Hemisphere an act of hostility.
 Reaction to the doctrine was mixed. While most of the country received it with
applause, some members of Congress worried that Monroe’s statement would
drag the nation into foreign wars.
1. The USA is
portrayed by
what?
2. What is the line
drawn on the
ground?
3. Who is on the
other side of the
line?
4. What could go in
the speech
bubble?
CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING
 Why
did President Monroe issue the
Monroe Doctrine?
He did not want Europe to gain any additional territory in
South America, because he believed that this would threaten
U.S. peace and safety.

2 The United States and Britain signed the Rush-Bagot Agreement, which
______
limited each country’s naval presence on the Great Lakes.

1 Republican James Monroe was elected president.
______

7 President James Monroe warned that the United States would not
______
tolerate any new colonies on the American continents.

4 General Andrew Jackson became commander of a force to stop Indian
______
raids in East Florida. The conflict became known as the First Seminole War.



6 President Monroe wrote a letter to Thomas Jefferson, in which he
______
wrote, “We would view an interference [in Latin America] on the part of the
European powers as an attack on ourselves.”
3 Britain and the United States agreed to share fishing rights in the
______
waters between the United States and Canada.
5 Spain ceded East Florida to the United States because Spain could not
______
guarantee they could control the Seminole, who had been attacking nearby
U.S. towns.