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The Worlds First Civilization
What is a civilization?
Civilizations - are ________________
societies. They have cities,
organized __________________, art,
__________________, class
divisions, and a writing system.
Why were river valleys important?
________________ - large amounts of
people could be fed
________________- goods and ideas to
move from place to place.
________________- grow up in these
valleys and became the centers of
The land between two rivers.
Mesopotamia was
the worlds first
The _______
Mesopotamia to
succeed were the
and ____________.
The fertile crescent
In the spring, the __________
often _____________, leaving
behind rich _________ for
__________. The problem was
that the _________________
was very _______________.
It might flood one year, but not
the next. Every year, farmers
worried about their crops.
Over time, the farmers learned to build
________ and _____________to
___________the seasonal ___________.
They also built walls, waterways, and
__________to bring water to their fields. This
way of ________________crops is called
____________Irrigation allowed the farmers
to grow plenty of food and support a large
The first major ______________in
Mesopotamia was in a region called
Food in Sumer
The ___________ grew several kinds of
crops. The most valuable one was
__________, which was used to make
flour and bread. ___________were also
very valuable to the Sumerians.
They were eaten once ripe or else they
were dried for future consumption. Dates
also made an excellent wine.
Barley and dates
Each Sumerian city and the land around it
became a separate _____-________.
Each city-state had its own
_______________and was not part of any
Social Classes in Sumer
____________class - kings, priests,
warriors, and government officials.
_____________class - artisans,
merchants, farmers, and fishers. These
people made up the largest group.
_____________class - enslaved
people who worked on farms or in the
The most important
the Sumerians was
The writing of the
Sumerians was
Cuneiform alphabet
TheEpic of Gilgamesh
The most famous piece of
___________from Sumer is the
_________of Gilgamesh.
An epic is a long poem that tells the story
of a hero. The hero Gilgamesh is a king
who travels around the world with a
friend and performs great deeds. When
his friend dies, Gilgamesh searches for a
way to live forever.
Sumerian Inventions
wagon wheel
In about 2340 B.C.,
___________conquered all
of Mesopotamia creating the
world’s first ____________.
An empire is a
_________of many different
lands under one
_________. Sargon’s
___________lasted for
more than _______years
before falling to invaders.
_______________is best known for his law
__________, or collection of laws.
Law _____: If a judge makes an error
through his own fault when trying a case, he
must pay a fine, be removed from the
judge’s bench, and never judge another
Law_________: If a son strikes his father,
the son’s hands shall be cut off.