Blame it on the A aa aaa aaaa Alcohol Chapter 10 Holt Lifetime Health Section 1: Alcohol Affects the Body • Alcohol is a Drug: it is the drug found in beer, wine, and liquor that causes intoxication. • Alcohol changes your physical and emotional state of mind. • Intoxication is a physical and mental change produced by drinking alcohol. • Must be 21 to consume alcohol. Effects of Alcohol on the Body 1. Irritates mouth, throat, esophagus, & stomach. 2. Makes the heart work harder. 3. Makes the body lose heat. 4. Causes the liver to work harder. 5. Causes dehydration Short Term Effects of Alcohol Short Term Effects of Alcohol The short term effects of alcohol is dependent on several factors: 1. The amount of alcohol consumed (how much you drink) 2. Amount of food in the stomach 3. Genetic factors 4. Medicines or drugs in the body 5. Gender and Size Effects of Alcohol on the Heart Development of Cirrhosis Cirrhosis BAC and Drinks per hour Blood Alcohol Concentration Effects on the Mind 1. As a depressant alcohol slows down the nervous system 2. 15 minutes is about how long it takes to feel the effects of one or two drinks 3. After two drinks the drinker begins to lose the ability to make good decisions 4. After a few drinks the drinker loses their inhibitions 5. Inhibitions are natural limits a person sets on their behavior. Binge Drinking Binge drinking is the act of drinking more than 4 - 5 drinks in one sitting. A person can drink a fatal amount of alcohol before they feel the effects of severe intoxication. Typically 8 or more drinks in an hour can cause alcohol poisoning or overdose MRI of a Teenage Brain Alcoholism People who can no longer control their use of alcohol suffer from the disease known as alcoholism. Physically, an alcoholics body requires alcohol to function. Psychologically, alcoholics consider drinking a daily part of life. Stages to Alcoholism With repeated alcohol use the body develops a TOLERANCE to the effects of alcohol; making the drinker consume more alcohol to experience the original effect. With increasing TOLERANCE and use of alcohol DEPENDENCE develops. This is when the drinker becomes DEPENDENT on the alcohol everyday. Finally ADDICTION results, where control of drinking is lost.