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Chapter 10 Holt Lifetime
Section 1: Alcohol Affects the Body
• Alcohol is a Drug: it is the drug found in beer, wine, and liquor
that causes intoxication.
• Alcohol changes your physical and emotional state of mind.
• Intoxication is a physical and mental change produced by
drinking alcohol.
• Must be 21 to consume alcohol.
Effects of
Alcohol on the
1. Irritates mouth,
throat, esophagus, &
2. Makes the heart
work harder.
3. Makes the body lose
4. Causes the liver to
work harder.
5. Causes dehydration
Short Term Effects of Alcohol
Short Term Effects of Alcohol
The short term effects of alcohol is dependent
on several factors:
1. The amount of alcohol consumed (how much
you drink)
2. Amount of food in the stomach
3. Genetic factors
4. Medicines or drugs in the body
5. Gender and Size
Effects of Alcohol on the Heart
Development of Cirrhosis
BAC and Drinks per hour
Blood Alcohol Concentration
Effects on the Mind
1. As a depressant alcohol slows down the nervous
2. 15 minutes is about how long it takes to feel the
effects of one or two drinks
3. After two drinks the drinker begins to lose the ability
to make good decisions
4. After a few drinks the drinker loses their inhibitions
5. Inhibitions are natural limits a person sets on their
Binge Drinking
Binge drinking is the act of drinking more than
4 - 5 drinks in one sitting. A person can drink a
fatal amount of alcohol before they feel the
effects of severe intoxication.
Typically 8 or more drinks in an hour can
cause alcohol poisoning or overdose
MRI of a Teenage Brain
People who can no longer control their use of
alcohol suffer from the disease known as
Physically, an alcoholics body requires alcohol
to function.
Psychologically, alcoholics consider drinking a
daily part of life.
Stages to Alcoholism
With repeated alcohol use the body develops a
TOLERANCE to the effects of alcohol; making the
drinker consume more alcohol to experience the
original effect.
With increasing TOLERANCE and use of alcohol
DEPENDENCE develops. This is when the drinker
becomes DEPENDENT on the alcohol everyday.
Finally ADDICTION results, where control of
drinking is lost.