Download Communicable vs. Non-Communicable Diseases

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Transcript
COMMUNICABLE VS.
NON-COMMUNICABLE
DISEASES
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
 Diseases
that are spread from
person to person by the passing of
germs.
 Germs
are microorganisms that can
get into your body and cause
infection.
 These
diseases are contagious.
TYPES OF GERMS
 Viruses – the cause of most communicable
diseases.
 Bacteria – 2nd leading cause of communicable
diseases
 Protozoa
 Fungus
HOW COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
SPREAD
 Direct
Contact – touching and kissing.
 Indirect
Contact – sneezing and
coughing.
 Animal
& Insect Contact – bug and
animal bites.
 Other
water.
Contact – contaminated food and
EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICABLE
DISEASES
Cold
Flu
Chicken
Pox
H1N1
HIV
and AIDS
Mono
Meningitis
Hepatitis
IN YOUR NOTEBOOK
Write
a sentence about one
thing you learned today and
draw a picture of it.
NON- COMMUNICABLE
DISEASES
 Diseases
that are not contagious
and do not spread from person to
person.
 These
 These
diseases develop over time.
diseases are now the biggest
killers of people world wide.
HOW DO PEOPLE GET NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES?
 Genetics
or Heredity
Passed down through family
 Environment
Where you live and work
 Lifestyle
Decisions that you make regarding
your health
EXAMPLES OF NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES
Heart
Attacks
High Blood Pressure
Stroke
Cancer
Diabetes
Arthritis