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The Iran-Iraq War (First
Persian Gulf War)
1979-1988
Josh, Trevor, Helen H.,
Sam M., Jeremy O.,
Lauren, Morgan
Combatants and Allies
Iran
Supported by:
North Korea
Peoples Republic
China
Syria
Libya
Israel
Iraq
Supported
of
by:
United States
U.K.
Germany
Saudi Arabia
Causes
Saddam
Hussein,leader of Iraq, took over
the Iranian government (Bakr Resign)
 Saddam wanted to be the leader of all of
Europe
Iran and Iraq had disputed over land
previously
Both
Wanted the Shatt-al-Arab Waterway
Key Events
4 major battles from April to August
1988

Iraqis
defeated Iranians
Iraqis
used chemical weapons
Iraqi
Republican Guard & regular army
units recaptured Al-Faw peninsula,
36hr battle
Key Events
Ceasefire:
August 20, 1988
Casualties: More than one and a half
million
Key People
Iran:
Ruhollah
Khomeini,
supreme ruler
Mostafa Chamran,
Minister of
Defense
Iraq:
Saddam
Hussein,
Prime Minister
Ali Hassan alMajid, Minister of
Defense
Outcomes
Quo:
Antebellum
Before
War
Status
Lots
of destruction
Iraq economy destroyed
$1.2 Trillion dollars all tolled
Iraq most indebted country in the
world (owe 10 times GDP)
Lessons of War
Iraqis
Use
One
are very good at defending
chemical weapons
person or political party can’t
rule both Iran and Iraq
A lot of money can be spent and
destruction caused to status quo