* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Review Guide for Weather Test Part I Name: ______________________________ Date of Test (due date): ___________ We are a little over halfway through the content of our weather unit. You will be taking a test on ________________________________ over the material we have covered so far. This material includes heat transfer, atmosphere, air pressure, and wind. In addition to completing this review guide you should study pages 1-43 in your Weather Packet. You should also know how to draw and read isobars on a weather map to make predictions about the weather. Heat Transfer Energy From the Sun 1. Is the following sentence true or false? Nearly half of the energy in Earth’s atmosphere comes from the sun. _____ 2. Energy from the sun travels to Earth as ________________________. 3. The direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves is called _______________. Thermal Energy and Temperature 1. Is the following sentence true or false? The faster the particles of a substance are moving, the more energy they have. ________________________ 2. The total energy of motion in the particles of a substance is called ________________________. 3. The average amount of energy of motion of each particle of a substance is called ________________________. 4. Is the following sentence true or false? Temperature is a measure of how hot or cold a substance is. _________ 5. Air temperature is usually measured with a(n) ________________________. 6. Temperature Scales Scale Freezing Point of Water Boiling Point of Water Celsius a. b. Fahrenheit c. d. e. Is 50hotter on a Celsius or on a Fahrenheit scale? Explain your answer by comparing the numbers in the table. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. The energy transferred from a hotter object to a cooler one is referred to as ________________________. 8. Is the following sentence true or false? Radiation is the direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. ___________________ 9. The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching is called _____________________________. 10. The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid is called ______________________ . Match the type of heat transfer with its example. Heat transfer 11. radiation ___________ 12. conduction __________ 13. convection ___________ Example a. warm water rising in a pot on the stove b. burning your bare feet on hot sand c. feeling the sun’s warmth on your face 14. In the drawing, label each of the ways by which heat is transferred in the troposphere. 15. The troposphere is heated mainly by ________________________. 16. The upward movement of warm air and the downward movement of cool air form ________________________. Atmosphere 1. The condition of Earth’s atmosphere at a particular time and place is called ________________________. 2. What is Earth’s atmosphere? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 3. Label the two larger pieces of the graph with the gases they represent. 8. What particles does air contain? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 9. Water in the form of a gas is called ________________________. 10. Is the following sentence true or false? Water vapor is the same as steam. ________________________ 11. What role does water vapor play in Earth’s weather? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 12. How does Earth’s atmosphere make conditions on Earth suitable for living things? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 13. Name the layers of our atmosphere from lowest altitude to highest. Name the root word and what it means. Give a reason why each layer of our atmosphere is important. Layer of the atmosphere name Root word and meaning Important Fact a. b. c. d. e. f. (d and e combined) Air Pressure Measuring Air Pressure 1. Air pressure is _____________________________________________________________________________. 2. An instrument that is used to measure air pressure is a(n) ________________________. 3. What is the difference between how air pressure is indicated in a mercury barometer and an aneroid barometer? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Draw a line on the glass tube to show where the level of the mercury might be if the air pressure fell. 5. Two different units used to measure air pressure are ______________________ and ________________________. 6. On a map __________________ are used to connect areas of like air pressure. 7. Fill in the blanks in the table below stating the relationship between mass, volume, and density. e. Use the information in the table to write one or two sentences about the relationship among mass, volume, and density. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 8. Another word for elevation, or distance above sea level, is ____________________________. 9. Change the following statement to make it true. Air pressure increases as altitude increases. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 10. Change the following statement to make it true. As air pressure decreases, so does air density. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 11. Describe what type of weather is associated with an area of low pressure. High pressure? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 12. Change the following statement to make it true. As altitude increases, so does air density. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 13. Explain why a fighter pilot may have to wear oxygen in flight at the bottom of the stratosphere. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 14. Circle the letter of the sentence that helps explain why you would have more difficulty breathing at high altitudes than at sea level. a. Air pressure is higher at high altitudes. b. Density of the air is greater at high altitudes. c. The percentage of oxygen in the air is lower at high altitudes. d. The amount of oxygen in each breath is less at high altitudes. Winds 1. 2. The horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure is referred to as ________________________. 3. Differences in pressure are caused by ____________________________________. __________________ are caused by differences in air pressure. 4. A wind vane measures ________________________________________. 5. An anemometer measures ______________________________________. 6. Air travels from areas of ___________________ pressure to areas of _____________________ pressure. This means that winds carry air from areas of ____________________ temperatures to areas of ___________________ temperatures. 7. Winds that blow over short distances are called ________________________. 8. What causes local winds? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 9. Label the drawings to indicate which drawing shows a sea breeze and which drawing shows a land breeze. 10. Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances are called ________________________. 11. Circle the letter of each sentence that is true about global winds. a. They are created by unequal heating of Earth’s surface. b. They are produced by the movement of air between the equator and the poles. c. They blow in a straight line from the poles toward the equator. d. They curve because of Earth’s rotation. 12. As Earth rotates, the _________________________ causes winds in the Northern Hemisphere to turn toward the east. 13. The calm areas around Earth include the ________________________ and the ________________________. 14. Winds are named for the direction_____________________________________________. For example, a southwestern wind comes from ____________________________ and blows towards the direction _____________________________. 15. Draw a wind vane for a northwestern wind. 16. Draw and label the global winds and the calm areas on the globe provided.