Morality Chapter 11 Morality What are our moral values? How does the morality of others differ from ours? Are we respectful of the differences? Morality defined…. Morality- the study of moral systems by which significant choices are made. What is a moral? An adjective indicating a choice between significant options. Morality in the Arts…. Where do we see moral themes in our culture? In Cinema? In Visual Art? In Music? In Literature? Visual Art Examples….. Visual Art…. Visual Art Visual Art Visual Art The Morality of Self Interest Does acting out of self-interest alone benefit or harm society? Altruism The philosophy of altruism holds that it is possible for people to transcend what is often considered the basic law that people are born selfish and never do anything that doesn’t profit them in some way. Moral Mathematics Jeremy Bentham- The greatest good for the greatest amount of people. Liberalism John Stuart Mill- The majority can be wrong and the government must balance the irresponsibility of the general population. The Moral Imperative Immanuel Kant- the inborn capacity to understand what is right and wrong. Religion and Morality What role does religion play in morality? Moral Relativism The belief that right and wrong have no definitive universal meaning but must be defined within a given context. The opposite of moral absolutism, in which actions are right and wrong, regardless of the context.