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Download Psychological Theories of Human Development Sigmund Freud
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Psychological Theories of Human Development Sigmund Freud In his psychoanalytic perspective, Sigmund Freud divided the mind into three interrelated parts: • The id is the component of personality that includes all of the individual's basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification. • The ego is the rational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on the innate pleasure-seeking drives of the id. • The superego, or conscience, consists of the moral and ethical aspects of personality. When a person is welladjusted, the ego successfully manages the opposing forces of the id and the superego. • Freud acknowledged the importance of socialization. • He pointed out that people's biological drives may be controlled by the values and moral demands of society that are learned primarily during childhood. • However, his theory has been heavily criticized for its unprovable assertions.