Growth and development
... Psychoanalytic theory
Based on concept of conflict
1- Unconscious mental process
Topography of mind
2- Psychic determinism
3- Instincts, drives, desires
4- Psychosexual stages
Abstract View ; The Salk Inst, San Diego, CA, USA
... Looming is an apparent increase in the size of an approaching or receding object and can be used to assess
changes in the distance between an observer and object. Intracellular recordings of identified neurons in the
visual system of Manduca sexta (Sphingidae, Lepidoptera) reveal two cell classes th ...
7. Forensic Mental Health: Psychotherpeutic
... Margaret Mahler(1974): 3 phases, 3 sub-phases of individuation
Melanie Klein: 2 positions, Infantile Psychic Development,
Lawrence Kohlberg (1970): 6 Stages of Moral Development
John Bowlby: Social, Attachment theory
... 'royal road to the unconscious' as it is in
dreams that the ego's defenses are lowered
so that some of the repressed material comes
through to awareness, albeit in distorted
Aka the dream show your true form because
the egos defense is lowered so the stuff you
hide will come out. Although in m ...
Object Relations Theory
... and psychotherapy: A multicultural perspective, 5th ed. Boston, MA.: Allyn &
James, R. K. & Gilliland, B. E. (2003). Theories and strategies in counseling and
psychotherapy, 5th ed. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Kottler, J. A. (2002). Theories in counseling and therapy: An experiential approach. ...
Psychoanalysis: A Journey into the Dark
... The Unconscious
The unconscious: part of mental
functioning of which subjects make
Not including all of what is not conscious,
e.g., motor skills
Actively repressed from conscious thought,
such as stereotypes and the effects of
past relationships on the present
Erik Erikson - Personal Web Pages
... Major difference from Freud relates to the
concept of EGO
Ego is present from birth, conflict free,
constantly in development (lifespan).
Ego is in transition, conflict arises between
individual and society (PSYCHOSOCIAL)
Infant is interested in establishing interpersonal
relationships which are ...
... Object permanence is the awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived. For
example, a child may look for a toy hidden under a blanket
Conservation is the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same
despite changes in the form of objects. For example, a c ...
... 2. The topographic model: The three levels of consciousness.
3. The structural model: The id, ego, and superego. The meaning of each of
these “structures’, under what principles do they operate (e.g. the id and the
“pleasure principle”, etc.). The role of the ego as mediating between the id
and the ...
The Object in Freud - ICLO-NLS
... the object is what is necessary for its preservation. Drives, and therefore sexuality derive
by anaclisis via the transformation of vital needs. If we consider mental life from a
biological point of view, the drive appears as a concept on the frontier between the
mental and the somatic. It is the ps ...
... anxiety and the defense mechanisms.
They did veer away from Freud in 2 important ways:
the role of the conscious mind nd they doubted that
sex and aggression were all-consuming motivations.
... theorist. These
people feel that we
have to look at why
they behave the
way they do instead
of just looking at their
February 9, Psych Cont`d
• USE LANGUAGE (TALK) TO HEAL
• FOCUS ON BIOGRAPHY
• INVOLVE INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN PATIENT AND THERAPIST
KHILAN KHIMASIA File
... Grunbaum (1993) suggested that any benefits of
psychoanalysis are due to unintended placebo effects
Client-therapist relationship is powerful, as therapist
“cannot be wrong” due to any disagreements by
patient being counted as symptoms of the disorder
He also pointed out that early evidence of it ...
... • Consists of all the inherited (i.e. biological) components of
personality, including the sex (life) instinct
• The id is the impulsive (and unconscious) part of our psyche
which responds directly and immediately to the instincts.
• The personality of the newborn child is all id and only later
... Def: focus more on current issues & life-functioning & symptoms; goal is to gain perspective
Focus less on childhood and id/ego/super-ego than psychoanalysis
Look for themes throughout life span
In practice talk face to face with “client” [Freud sat behind “patient” so he/she not affected by his
Personality Theories - Mr. Hunsaker`s Classes
... Freud’s Psychodynamic View
• Unconscious mind - level of the
mind in which thoughts, feelings,
memories, and other information
are kept that are not easily or
voluntarily brought into
– Can be revealed in dreams and Freudian slips of
... In my early professional years I was asking
the question: How can I treat, or cure, or
change this person? Now I would phrase the
question in this way: How can I provide a
relationship which this person may use for his
own personal growth?
The good life is a process, not a state of
Rollo May – Existential Psychology
... run away from responsibility. Not being willing to make choices, they lose sight of
who they are and develop a sense of insignificance and alienation.
In contrast, healthy people challenge their destiny, cherish their freedom, and live
authentically with other people and themselves. They recognize t ...
... conflict in our lives during one of the stages, they can become fixated (remaining
preoccupied with the behaviors associated with the stage). During the phallic stage, Freud
theorized the Oedipus complex (boys resent their father’s relationship with mother)
and Electra complex (girls resent their mo ...
Child Development Theories Presentation
... Id: Source of basic biological needs. Ego: Conscious rational part of personality. Superego:
Conscience that often tries to conform to acceptable values of society.
... According to this view, people are the way they are based upon what they experience as they age
and develop. Erik Erikson was a famous developmental psychologist who believed that every
human being went through a series of eight psychological conflicts. These conflicts, Erikson
argued, occur in a sp ...
Object relations theory
Object relations theory in psychoanalytic psychology is the process of developing a psyche in relation to others in the environment during childhood. Based on psychodynamic theory, the object relations theory suggests that the way people relate to others and situations in their adult lives is shaped by family experiences during infancy. For example, an adult who experienced neglect or abuse in infancy would expect similar behavior from others who remind them of the neglectful or abusive person from their past. These images of people and events turn into objects in the unconscious that the person carries into adulthood, and they are used by the unconscious to predict people's behavior in their social relationships and interactions.Internal objects are formed by the patterns emerging in one's repeated subjective experience of the caretaking environment, which may or may not be accurate representations of the actual, external others. In the theory, objects are usually internalized images of one's mother, father, or primary caregiver, although they could also consist of parts of a person such as an infant relating to the breast or things in one's inner world (one's internalized image of others).Later experiences can reshape these early patterns, but objects often continue to exert a strong influence throughout life. Objects are initially comprehended in the infant mind by their functions and are termed part objects. The breast that feeds the hungry infant is the ""good breast"", while hungry infant that finds no breast is in relation to the ""bad breast"". With a good enough facilitating environment, part object functions eventually transform into a comprehension of whole objects. This corresponds with the ability to tolerate ambiguity, to see that both the ""good"" and the ""bad"" breast are a part of the same mother figure.