Download Social Studies- Unit 2

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European Exploration
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$500
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A long carefully organized trip
or voyage.
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What is an expedition?
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Because of this,
European interest in
Asia began to grow.
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What is Marco
Polo’s book?
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In the 1400’s this improved
travel by sea.
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What is technology?
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Finding new trade routes,
controlling new lands,
establishing colonies, and
spreading their religion
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What were goals of European
exploration ?
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Catholic countries, such as
Spain, began converting
people in the New World to
the Catholic religion.
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What was a goal of the
Counter Reformation?
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Present day New York
and Albany were
colonized by this
group.
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Who were the Dutch?
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Africa, Europe, and the
Americas carried goods and
enslaved people on this
route.
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What is the Atlantic Trade
Route, or the Triangular
Trade Route?
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England, France, Spain, Portugal,
the Netherlands, Sweden, and
Russia were all countries that
claimed land on these two
continents.
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What are the Americas?
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Settlements were built near
these two bodies of water to
make transporting people and
supplies easier.
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Why did colonists build
settlements near the sea
or along a river ?
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Trade by land was dangerous (bad
weather, illness, thieves) and new
technology in sailing (magnetic
compass, astrolabe, and caravels)
improved travel by sea for the
Europeans
traveling
to
this
click here for answer
continent.
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Why did European
traders begin to travel to
Asia?
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An expedition that began in
what is now present day
Florida was led by this Spanish
explorer.
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What expedition did
Juan Ponce de Leon lead?
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This Spanish explorer explored
the American Southwest.
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Where did Francisco
Vasquez de Coronado
explore?
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The tool that improved sailing
by showing which direction is
north.
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What is the magnetic compass ?
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Improved technology, like this tool
helped sailors use the sun and stars
to find their location.
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What is the astrolabe?
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A water route through North
America to the Pacific.
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What is the Northwest
Passage?
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An expedition to lands south of
where Columbus had landed,
and were unknown by
Europeans, was accomplished
by this explorer.
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Who was Amerigo Vespucci?
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The first crew to complete a
circumnavigation was led by this
explorer.
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Who was Ferdinand
Magellan?
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Improved technology, like this type
of sail helped sailors change
direction
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What is a caravel?
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An explorer that led an
expedition to Florida and
later became the first to
see the Mississippi River.
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Who is Hernando de Soto ?
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ASpanish explorer who hoped
to reach Asia, but landed on
the island of San Salvador
and called the natives
“Indians”
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Who is Christopher
Columbus?
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An area or place ruled
by a distant country
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What is a colony?
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To change someone’s or one’s
own beliefs
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What is to convert?
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This Spanish explorer/
conqueror took over the
wealthy Aztec empire in
what is now Mexico
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Who is Hernando Cortes?
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This Spanish explorer/
conqueror took over the
Inca empire in
what is now Peru.
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Who is Francisco Pizarro?
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yTicket
An official document from
an authority to do something.
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yTicket
What is a charter?
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