Download Document

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Music in concentration camps
Music was an integral part
of camp life in
the Nazi-run camps.
I. Singing on Command
• while marching, doing exercises, on the
way to or from work,
• to frighten and humiliate prisoners,
• after a long day of hard work, singing was
an enormous physical effort and could be
“In step ... March! Sing!”
“Sing, a Song!”
• anyone who did not know the song was
• anyone who sang too softly was beaten,
• anyone who sang too loud was beaten .
obscene texts
offending the prisoners’ sense of
• Many concentration camps had their own
special anthems - official tune for the
camp, e.g.:
- „Moorsoldatenlied”
- „Treblinkalied” (Treblinka Song)
Music from radio or gramophone
• Propaganda speeches
• Music by a German composer and
antisemite - Richard Wagner
Camp orchestras
• amateur and professional musicians,
• from a temporary trio in Treblinka
to a symphony orchestra in Auschwitz.
• The camp orchestras:
- provided background music for punishments
and executions
- gave concerts for the entertainment of the SS
- deceived the newly-arriving prisoners at the
selection process.
Music to entertain the guards
• often members of the camp orchestras
gave private performances for the guards,
• works by Grieg, Schumann and Mozart
were played for the guards who came to
“relax” after the process known as
II. Music initiated by the prisoners
• music gave the prisoners consolation,
support and confidence,
• aim: to set an example of solidarity and
humane behavior in their dehumanized
Spontaneous Music
• when prisoners marched to the gas
chambers they sang the Jewish song
• they expressed their protest, and showed
that they had not been broken.
Partisans’ songs
• associated with resistance and freedom
• for the German-speaking prisoners:
“Die Gedanken sind frei” (“Thoughts are free”)
• for the Polish prisoners: “Warszawianka”
• for the Jewish prisoners:
“Zog nisht keyn mol” ("Never Say”)
music - an integral part in the daily life of the Nazi concentration camps,
professional and amateur musicians, of different ages, genders and
nationalities, played music on command, and on their own initiative,
they performed solo, in choirs, in chamber music groupings, in small
ensembles, in jazz bands, in camp orchestras and in symphony orchestras,
music of various kinds: from light music to classical music, from traditional
folk songs to critical cabaret songs,
music was used in the „process of breaking the will, and degrading the
prisoners” as human beings,
music was used also a sign of resistence and freedom,
it was made in spite of constant hunger, mental and physical violence,
diseases, an uncertain future and acts of terror.
• Listen to the soundtrack from
The Schindler’s List
and express your feelings and emotions
by making coal paintings.
• You can:
- draw
- write (e.g. poems, notes, thoughs…)
- or whatever artistic you wish.