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Transcript
The Dangers of Solar Storms and Solar Cycles
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Radius = 696,000 km
Mass = 2E30 kg
Luminosity = 3.8E26 W
Rotation Rate
 25 days at the equator and 30 days at the poles

Surface Temp
 5,800 K average, 4,000 K sunspots
(Ref 1)

Nuclear fusion is the source of all the energy
released by the sun
 Steady fusion rates maintain a steady luminosity
 Hydrogen fusion is the primary mechanism
▪ P-P chain
▪ CNO cycle
(Content: Ref 13)
(Image: Ref 10)

For every 1 million atoms of hydrogen in the
entire sun

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
98,000 atoms of helium
850 of oxygen
360 of carbon
120 of neon
110 of nitrogen
40 of magnesium
35 of silicon
35 of iron
(Content: Ref 13)
(Image: Ref 11)

Plasma
 Gas whose temperature is so hot it becomes
sensitive to magnetism
 Ionized due to high temperatures

Most energy is lost to electromagnetic
radiation
 Visible light
 Infrared
(Ref 13)

Particle radiation also emits energy
 Flares and coronal mass ejections release intense
concentrations of energetic particles
 Hazardous to astronauts in orbit and satellites
(Content: Ref 13)
(Image: Ref 12)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Bennett, Jeffery, Donahue, Megan, Schneider, Nicholas, Voit, Mark,
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CA, p.477-496
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<http://www.popsci.com/popsci/aviationspace/7250d257d5ed2110vgn
vcm1000004eecbccdrcrd.html>.
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<http://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/solarsystem/10mar_stormwarni
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<http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/about/docs/SOHO_Fact_Sheet.p
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5.
6.
7.
8.
Phillips, Tony. “Solar Storm Warning.” NASA. 15 March, 2006. 9
October, 2007.
<http://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/solarsystem/10mar_stormwarni
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25-Sep-2007
October, 2007.
<http://solar.physics.montana.edu/press/WashPost/Horizon/196l031099-idx.html>.
“STEREO - Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory.” NASA. 25
September, 2007. 4 December, 2007.
<http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/img/mpb.pdf>.
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<http://www.mps.mpg.de/projects/seismo/papers/goe_roth.pdf>.
9.
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Phillips, Tony PhD “Who’s Afraid of a Solar Flare?” NASA Science.
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<http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2005/07oct_afraid.htm>.
http://atropos.as.arizona.edu/aiz/teaching/a250/pp.html
http://webusers.astro.umn.edu/~larry/CLASS/AST2001/pre2007/massi
25-Sep-2007
ve_star_struct.jpg
http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/soho_top10_winners_03112
5-2.html
http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/sun_worldbook.html#backToTop