Download Parts of Speech Test Review Sheet

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Parts of Speech
Study Guide /Targets
The examples on this review sheet will appear on the test! There will be 25 multiple choice questions
on the test -- study hard!
TARGET: I can define and give examples of noun.
Definition: Nouns are words that name people, places, things, and ideas. A noun is a general
word that can mean more than one person, place, or thing. These nouns are lower case, except when
they come at the beginning of a sentence.
Examples of nouns include student, chef, Jennifer, school, Florida, Europe, chair,
homework, book, peace, happiness, and anger.
TARGET: I can define and give examples of a proper noun.
Definition: A proper noun is the name of a specific person, place, or thing. Proper nouns
always begin with a capital letter.
Examples of proper nouns include: Bardstown Elementary, Mrs. Spalding, Dr, Seuss,
Keystone Cinema,
TARGET: I can identify and use relative pronouns.
Definition: A relative pronoun connects a dependent clause to a word in another part of the
Examples of relative pronouns include: Students who want to join chorus should see Mr.
Wesley; relative pronouns include: who, whose, whom, which, that, whoever, whomever, whichever,
TARGET: I can define and give examples of pronouns
Definition: A pronoun is a word used in place of nouns
Examples of pronouns include I, me, my, mine, you, your, yours, he, his, him, she, her, it, its,
we, us our, ours, they, their, theirs, them, who, which, those, myself, and some.
TARGET: I can use and identify a verb. I know how to use verb tenses.
Definition: Action verbs tell what the subject is doing.
Examples of verbs include, giggle, talk, run, drink, look, laugh, howl, write, and read.
TARGET: I can use and identify a helping verb. I know how to use helping verbs. I can
use modal auxiliaries (can, may, must)
Definition: A helping verb comes before the main verb and gives it a more specific
Examples: Helping verbs includes, shall, will, must, can, may, has, have, had, do, did,
should, would, could, is, are, was, were, been, and does.
TARGET: I can define and give examples of adjectives. I can order adjectives within a
Definition: Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things (nouns).
Order adjectives: sometimes we have more than one adjective in front of a noun; adjectives usually
come in this order; general opinion, specific opinion, size, shape, age, color, nationality, materials.
Examples: of adjectives include purple, five, talkative, large, many, and smart.
Examples of order adjectives include a small red bag
TARGET: I can define and give examples of adverbs. I can define and use relative adverbs .
Definition: Adverbs are words that describe actions or descriptions (verbs, adjectives, and
adverbs); Relative adverbs answer these questions: Where? When? Why?
Examples: of adjectives include slowly, gently, carefully, totally, widely, and usually. Relative
adverbs include: often, fast, tomorrow, very, sometimes.
TARGET: I can use and identify prepositions and prepositional phrases.
Definition: Prepositions tell in what position a noun or pronoun is. Prepositional Phrases
are made up of a preposition and the noun or pronoun that comes after it.
Examples or prepositions: in, on, under, beside, below, to, at, by, like, of, over, since, and
Examples: prepositional phrases., like “at the mall,” “under the table,” and “with Mrs.
TARGET: I can define and use a conjunction. I know how to use a coma before a
coordinating conjunctions in a compound sentence.
Definitions: Conjunctions are words that connect words, groups of words, or sentences.
There are two kinds of conjunctions. The first kind, called coordinating conjunctions. The
second kind, called correlative conjunctions, are made up of two or more words
Examples: of coordinating conjunctions: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, and So (acronym is
Examples: of correlative conjunctions: both-and, either-or, neither-nor, not only-but also,
and whether-or.