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Music Appreciation
Exam #1 Study Guide
Elements of Music
Dynamics (piano-forte)
Instruments
Rhythm and Meter – Beat, Melody, Articulation
Harmony – Consonance & Dissonance
Key – Tonal & Atonal
Texture
Early Music
Gregorian Chant
Baroque Era
Central idea: art for everyone
Concerto Grosso – Ritornello form
Vivaldi – Solo Concertos
The Four Seasons
Handel – Oratorios
The Messiah
Bach – Compositional style
The Baroque Suite
Cantata
Oratorio vs Cantata – differences and similarities
Classical Era
The Enlightenment
Classical era style
Sonata Form
Haydn – influence on music
Farewell Symphony
Surprise Symphony
Mozart – child prodigy
Opera compositional style
Lorenzo da Ponte operas
Don Giovanni – plot
Requiem
Beethoven – life and character
Compositional style
3 compositional periods
Early – Pathetique Sonata
Heiligenstadt Testament
9 Symphonies
No. 3 – “Eroica,” sudden changes, length
No. 5 – Fate knocking, simple theme
No. 6 – “Pastorale,” Thunderstorm
No. 9 – “Chorale”
Mvt. 4 – “Ode to Joy,” choir & soloists, deeper meanings
Essay
I will play Vivaldi’s Spring Concerto (CD2, tracks 1-5). How does it “sound” like
spring?
Memorized Listening
For each piece, be able to identify:
Composer
Title
Genre
Era
Memorized listening for this exam will be taken from the following examples:
Bach – Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 Movement 1
Bach – Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, Movement 4
Handel – Messiah, “Hallelujah Chorus”
Haydn – “Surprise” Symphony No. 94, Movement 2
Mozart – Symphony No. 40, Movement 1
Beethoven – Symphony No. 5, Movement 1