Download Anaqua - Native Plant Society of Texas

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Transcript
Native Plant Society of Texas
Lindheimer Chapter
Plant of the Month
February, 2011
Anaqua, Ehretia anacua Close-up of Flower
Fruit
Anaqua is also known as Knockaway or Sandpaper Tree. Anaqua is a derivation of the Aztec
name for the tree. Knockaway is an English adaptation of the name. The name Sandpaper Tree
comes from the rough texture of the leaves. Whatever you choose to call it, this is a wonderful
ornamental and wildlife tree. In the spring the tree is covered with fragrant white flowers that are
enjoyed by bees. These are followed 6 weeks later by edible yellow or orange fruit which are a
favorite of birds and small mammals. In fact, German settlers in New Braunfels had another name
for this tree: Vogelbeerenbaum /fogel-beren-baum/, which translates as ‘Birdberry Tree’.
Anaqua is a native of southern Texas and northern Mexico, and will freeze back in the cold winters
of North Texas. Its very dark green leaves are distinctive in the landscape. An interesting
advantage for the Anaqua in our area is that it may hold on to its leaves during mild winters, giving it
the appearance of an evergreen. Anaqua can grow to be 20 – 45 feet tall in deep soils, although it
will be smaller in shallow soils. When young it may sucker, causing a multi-trunked tree, but as the
tree matures these can fuse together creating a fluted look.
Anaqua needs lots of water to get established, but is very drought tolerant after that. It is available
in nurseries specializing in trees. It can easily be started from seeds or by transplanting suckers.
Text by John Siemssen. Photos by Sally & Andy Wasowski and Rachel Cywinski, Wildflower Center