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4.1 A Multitude of Perspectives
By: Thuy Nguyen
Ando Hiroshige, Hodogaya Station, 1832-1834. Santa Fe, New Mexico.
This was named after a station in Tokyo. There are 55 station and
this is the 5th station.
Unknown, Pueblo.
About 1000-1450
A.D. Taos, New
It is made of adobe
walls that are
often several feet
thick. It’s main
purpose was for
• Three of the world’s great major religions evolved in
• Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
• Most of these religion is based on worship of nature
• Taoism and Confucianism are also important
religions in China
Reliquary Guardian Figure,
Cameroon or Gabon, c.1850.
Wood, 23 inches. Peabody
Museum, Harvard University.
This is from Kuba tribe of Zaire. This
is a portrait of a king that
“performs” a specific function.
Unknown, Souche
Nuttar Codex.
14th century,
drawing and
painting, 7” x 9
¾”. British
Museum, London.
One of the world’s most ancient religion
Originated in India in about 2000 BC
They believe in the gods Vishnu, Brahma, Siva
Most Hindus believe that the spirit or soul- the “true self” of every person is
called an atman. (meaning is eternal)
• They are also henotheistic meaning the are devoted to one god but accepts
other gods as well.
• The Preserver
• It holds a discus, conch
shell, mace, and lotus
• Appears as a boar
• The Destroyer
• Entwined with
snakes and wears a
headdress of skulls
• He dances in a circle
of fire
• The Creature
• Often shown with four heads
• His four heads springs the
Vedas, which he carries along
with a scepter
• He is the supreme god in
Unknown, The Descent of the
River Ganges from Heaven.
10th century. Carving,
Mamallapuram, India.
• The river Ganga has sacred
water known to play a role
of a man- as a giver of life
or remover of sin or curse.
(a myth)
• The elephants are believe
to be powerful than
human because of it’s size.
Please turn to page 81 in your text book, thank you ^.^
Unknown, Sita in the Garden of
Lanka, from the Epic of Valmaki,
Ramayana. Gold and color on
paper, 22 x 31”. The Cleveland
Museum of Art
One of Hindu’s greatest writings
It’s about King Rama, who was
unjustly deprived of his kingdom.
Ramayana was adopted by the
Buddhist, and later became part of
the Islamic heritage.
• The movement was found by Buddha, emerge in India in 6th
century BC
• He was a Prince who traveled around and helped his people.
He couldn’t take their sufferings anymore so he decided to
leave his kingdom. He preached to all creatures. He became
enlightened through years of meditation.
• Mahayana Buddhism preached salvation of souls
• Bodhisattvas are saints who achieved enlightenment like
Buddha but chose not to enter nirvana. The most popular
saints is Avaloketisvara. It has other names in other parts
of the country.
Unknown, Nyoirin-Kannon.
645-647 Nara period. Bronze,
Oka-Der-a Temple, Nara
• Goddess of mercy
• The lotus that she’s sitting on
symbolizes purity.
Unknown, Jizo Bosatsu.
12th century, wood. 57
½” high, Los Angeles
County Museum of Art.
• He is the patron saint of
• He is compassionate
deity concerned with
the needs of suffering
• Much of Asia is dominated by Islam
• The religion was found by Mohammed
• His spiritual writings is in the Koran,
the scared book of Moslems
• Islam forbids the use of religious
images of any kind
• Media- non-western cultures have produced art works
out of stone, clay, brick, wood, and paint. The Chinese
and Japanese usually paint on screens and scrolls.
• Color- over the centuries Western artists have used
color differently. Roman and Renaissance artists used
realistic colors, whereas the impressionist dabbed in
colors as they go. The expressionist used color to
symbolize feelings and emotions. In Asian paintings, color
is arbitrary, and the Chinese uses monochromatic colors.
• Perspective- it was approached differently in the east
and west. Renaissance artists show distance by
overlapping planes and lines. Chinese and Japanese
recede lines so that it’ll remain parallel. Asian artist
depicts great distance by showing three planes:
foreground, middle distance, and far distance.
Katsushika Hokusai, The
Great Waves from
Thirty-six views of Mt.
Fuji, Tokugawa period.
Woodcut, 10” x 14 ¾”,
Museum of Fine Arts,
Hokusai isn’t his real
name. In his 89 years
he changed his name
about 30 times, and
lived in about 90
Shen Chou, Landscape in the Style of
Ni Tsan, 1484. Ink, 54 ½” x 24
¾”. The Nelson- Atkins Museum of
He was also an accomplished scholar,
poet, calligrapher, and essayist.
(this was the closest one I could find)
Unknown, X-ray Figure of
Kangaroo, Aborigine,
Australia, Collection of
Larry Majewski.
Some non-Western artist
present the front and
the side view of an
object simultaneously.