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Aztec PC Oscilloscope Michael Mason Jed Brown Josh Price Andrew Youngs Changes in Design since PRD Spartan 3 Starter kit replaces Spartan 3E Kit Reason: Cheaper and more readily available. Better alternative for low-income students. Not hard to tweak code for the 3E. Siemens 8051 Reason: Already known by us, provides enough. PC Communication Serial and USB Initially PC->Scope communication will be via serial cable to the uC. Scope Data -> PC will de via serial/USB interface from the FPGA. Block Diagram Scope SC A/D S D R A M Spartan-3 eeprom MC Serial PC USB Controller USB Controller UM232R UART Interface supports 7/8 bit data, 1/2 stop bits, and Odd/Even/Mark/Space/No Parity Transfer Data Rate 300k to 1Mega Baud (RS232) FIFO receive and transmit buffers for high data throughput. Integrated 3.3V level converter for USB I/O. Spartan-3 FPGA Board Xilinx Devices: Spartan-3 (XC3S200) Clocks: 50 MHz crystal clock oscillator Memory 256Kx16 ISSI - 10 ns SRAM devices Spartan-3 Starter Kit Connectors and Interfaces Xilinx Spartan-3 FPGA w/ twelve 18-bit multipliers, 216Kbits of block RAM, and up to 500MHz internal clock speeds -200, -400, and -1000 versions available On-board 2Mbit Platform Flash (XCF02S) 8 slide switches, 4 pushbuttons, 9 LEDs, and 4digit seven-segment display Serial port, VGA port, and PS/2 mouse/keyboard port Three 40-pin expansion connectors Three high-current voltage regulators (3.3V, 2.5V, and 1.2V) 1Mbyte on-board 10ns SRAM (256Kb x 32) Spartan-3 Schematic Expansion Slot Schematic Microcontroller Siemens 8051 16-bit addressable, 8-bit data, 64kB accessible external RAM Basic control unit for enables, external peripherals (SPI with ADC) Will interface with the computer for sending data and receiving user commands (RS-232). Microcontroller Voltage Regulator Latch, Decoder, EPROM, and SRAM from uC (32kx8 EPROM for program memory) (32kx8 SRAM for external memory) EEPROM from uC (16kbit serial) Serial Port Serial Peripheral Interfacing (SPI) •SCK (Serial Data Clock): Data is shifted/latched on the rising or falling edge of SCK (see next section). •MOSI (Master Output/Slave Input): Data is transmitted out of this pin if the chip is a Master and into this pin if the chip is a Slave. •CS (Chip Select, active low): Tells the peripheral that a transfer is about to begin. Analog to Digital Conversion Differential Input ADC: 3V peak to peak maximum input Voltage Reference Input Stage Capacitive Impedance matching 1:1, 10:1 Attenuation AC Coupling Single-Ended to Differential Stage Feedback Control 4 Gain Levels: 2, 4, 6, 10 Gain Stage #2 CLC5526: Digitally Controlled Variable Gain Amplifier +30 dB to –12dB ADS807 Internal Reference Voltage Input: 3Vpp (V+ - V- <3V) Clock Input from FPGA: 10k to 53M samples/sec 12-bit Output Buffered, sent to FPGA Software – FPGA Labview Module using VESA interface. Communication via virtual COM port drivers. Cause the USB device to appear as an addition com port available to the PC. Applications can access the USB device in the same way as it would access a standard COM port. Software – User GUI Initial development in both MATLAB and Labview Labview has better interface modules but more difficult to program the GUI. MATLAB is easier to program the GUI but the advanced controls will be more difficult Use Labview to develop GUI with MATLAB as a fallback. Graphical User Interface Inputs Data will be inputted via USB from the FPGA board. Data Format 8 bit data transfer 1 stop bit 0 parity bits Data speeds will be 300k – 1M baud Graphical User Interface cont. Outputs Serial output to Microcontroller Data will be 8 bit with 1 stop bit. (RS232) Graphical Output to Monitor Data Graphs Controls to manipulate data graph and perform analysis. Control inputs to be sent to micro controller. Parts List Part Quantity Part Quantity TrimCap 47 pF Capacitor 300 Ohm Resistor 1M Ohm Resistor 25 Ohm Resistor 196 Ohm Resistor 392 Ohm Resistor 600 Ohm Resistor 1k Resistor 100 Ohm Resistor ADS807E MAX4545 Quad Switches THS4215 Opamp CLC5526 Variable Gain Amplifier SN54HC541 Tri State Buffer UM232R - USB - Serial UART EVAL232R - a USB - RS232 converter ADS826E - ADC SN74HC541NSRG4 - ADC THS1040IPW - ADC PCB-SSOP-20 : SSOP to DIP Adapter 20-Pin PCB-SOIC-20 : SOIC to DIP Adapter 20-Pin 1 2 1 1 4 8 5 4 4 12 1 4 4 1 2 1 1 3 3 3 4 5 Perf Board Power Supply MAX233 (233) LM7805 - Voltage Reulator MX7821 - ADC Seimens C501 Microcontroller LS7408 - AND Gate 74LS156 - Decoder 74LS373 - Latch 77C256 - EPROM 62256 - SRAM Crystal Oscillator Misc Microcontroller Parts 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 Updated Schedule Timeline – Milestone 1 Micro controller Programming Complete Serial Interface Working A/D Converter Circuit design complete Prototype complete and tested FPGA Programming mostly complete USB interface started Software GUI preliminary programming, simple I/O PCB Schematics completed for 1st revision. Timeline – Milestone 2 FPGA Programming complete Trigger mode enabled Software GUI updated to include all necessary functionality. PCB 2 2nd Revision submitted and received. Make sure PCB is working A/D Filtering implemented as necessary Timeline – Expo Scope Working All parts integrated PCB completely tested and connected to FPGA board. Extras GUI interface updated as time allows Documentation Completed USB interface working Data transmitting from FPGA to PC GUI Division of Labor Mike Software – GUI Interface, FPGA Programming USB Interface Assist Josh with microcontroller and Drew with A/D Jed FPGA Programming Software Interface Assist with A/D converter Drew A/D converter Microcontroller Interface FPGA Interface Josh Microcontroller Interface with A/D converter Serial Interface with Computer Questions ? ? ?