Download An Empire Unifies China

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Protectorate General to Pacify the West wikipedia, lookup

An Empire Unifies China
Ch. 4 Section 4
Philosophy and the Social Order
In Chapter 2, you learned that China’s _____ Dynasty collapsed into “the time of the warring
states.” _______ became a land of troubles. Long-held Chinese values-social order,
harmony among people, and respect for leaders-were forgotten. Some ________, however,
tried to find ways to restore these values.
 Confucius Urges __________
One of the most important of these thinkers was ____________. Born in 551 BC, he became a
well-educated _______ who thought deeply about the ___________ of China.
He believes that a time of ________ could return if the people would work at five basic
relationships: ruler and subject, father and son, _________ and wife, older and younger
brothers, and friend and friend. The family relationships, he thought, were the most
 Confucian Ideas About _____________
He also tried to ________ government for the better. Using his ideas, the Chinese built a
system in which people could work in the government only if they had a good _________.
Over time, the ideas of Confucius spread to other ___________ of East Asia.
 ____________ Seek Harmony
Another thinker of this period was __________, who was more interested in putting people in
touch with the powerful forces of __________. Nature follows a universal force called the
_____, or “the Way,” said Laozi. People do not follow this force, but they can learn to do so.
 Legalists Urge _________ Rule
A third set of ideas came from a group of people called the __________. They said that the
way to restore order in China was to have a ________ government. A ruler should reward
those who do what they are supposed to do, the Legalists said, and ________ harshly those
who do wrong.
 I Ching and ______ and Yang
These three ways to restore values were just ________________ debates. So, for practical
advice in solving problems, people in China could consult a book called ___________. It
was based on the idea of Yin and Yang, two powers that ____________ together to make
harmony in the universe.
Yang represented __________, males, light, and action. Yin stood for the ________, females,
darkness, and being passive. By having these two forces in ___________, a person could
reach harmony.
The ______ Dynasty
While these _________ moved through China, a new ________ arose to put an end to the
troubles of the ___________ states period.
 A New ____________ Takes Control
At ____, he became king of a part of China called Qin (chihn), and he used the ideas of the
Legalists to bring the different _______ of China together. In 221 BC, he took a new name______________, which means “First Emperor.”
Shi Huangdi defeated many _________ of different states and doubled the size of China. He
also acted to extend his power within this ______. He forced wealthy ________ to give up
their land in the _________ and move to his capital city.
There he kept a _____________ eye on them, while he gave their land to members of his
government. The emperor wanted to control ________, too. He ordered his government to
ban many ________-those that held ideas that he ______________ with.
 A Program of ___________________
Shi Huangdi also took _______ to bring all parts of his empire together. He ordered the
___________ to build a network of roads that linked one ____________ to another.
The roads made __________ grow, but the peasants _________ the emperor for the forced
work. He set ______________ for writing, law, money, and weights and measures that were
to be followed throughout the ____________.
 __________ Wall of China
Finally, he moved to ___________ his empire from foreign invaders. In the past, some Chinese
_________ had built sections of wall to try to block attacks from northern ___________.
Emperor Shi Huangdi had hundreds of thousands of ________ people work to connect these
___________ of wall and make a huge _________. When finished, the Great Wall of China
stretched ____________ miles.
 The _______ of the Qin
These steps won the emperor little __________. When he died, his ______ took the throne.
Just three years into his reign, peasants ____________ and managed to overthrow the
emperor. By 202 BC, the Qin Dynasty had given way to the ______ Dynasty.