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WESTERN RELIGIONS IN CHINA
Judaism
In the Northwest, South, Kaifeng
Zhao Yingcheng (Moshe ben Abram) [fl. 1653]
Islam
Problem of sources
Arrival of the Muslims
By the old Silk Roads
By the sea route
Battle of the Talas River & An Lushan rebellion
Tang Dynasty
Xian’s Great Mosques
Mongol Rule
Yunnan
Ming dynasty
The Hongwu Emperor (r. 1368-1398)
Imperial efforts at assimilation
Chinese converts = 回 Huí
Wang Daiyu (1580-1650?)
Veritable Explanation of the True Religion (1642)
Repression and the Qing
The New Teaching
Christianity
Nestorian Christianity
Emperor Taizong 太宗 (600-49)
Changan 長安
Emperor Wuzong 武宗 814-846
Medieval Roman Catholicism
mendicants
Modern Catholic missionaries
Society of Jesus (founded 1540)
Matteo Ricci (1552-1610)
“Scientific Mission”: Technical approach to conversion
clocks, mathematics, cartography, interpreters, painters, musicians
Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689)
Rites Controversy
Chinese clergy
The Kangxi Emperor 康熙 (1662-1722)
Pope Clement XI (1700-21)