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Transcript
```EE141
Fall 1999
Homework Set #3
Due Wed. September 22, 5:00pm
The goal of this homework set is to find out how well the hand analysis parameters given
in tables 3.2 and 3.5 predict the performance of our technology. Tables 3.2 and 3.5 can
be found on pages 71 and 80 of Digital Integrated Circuits, 2nd edition, Chapter 3,
available on the web.
Problem 1)
a) Assuming the geometry and layers shown in the figure below, use max with the mmi25
technology to find the minimum NMOS transistor dimensions which do not violate any
design rules. Calculate the transistor length, width, source/drain area and source/drain
perimeter. List the design rules which determined these values.
poly
nfet
ct
ndif
TIPS:
 Use Shift-G to access the grid menu. Set the coarse grid to 0.1 m and the fine grid
to 0.01 m.
 Use Shift-Y to explain the design rule violations within the current selection area.
b) We need to design a minimum sized CMOS inverter which is a standard for our
technology. Assuming a manufacturing grid of 0.01 m and a supply voltage of 2.5V,
use the unified MOSFET model and the parameters in Table 3.2 to find the minimum
sized PMOS transistor which sets VM=VDD/2 (you may assume that the minimum PMOS
dimensions are identical to the minimum NMOS dimensions). Calculate the length,
width, source/drain area and source/drain perimeter for this transistor.
c) Use the unified MOSFET model to find VIL and VIH.
d) Use HSPICE and the g25.mod typical transistor models to find VM, VIL, and VIH.
Compare these with your calculated values. Turn in a print-out of your HSPICE input
deck.
Problem 2)
a) Use the hand analysis parameters from Table 3.5 to determine the input and output
capacitances of the inverter you determined in problem 1 (assuming VDD=2.5V).
Vin
Cin
Vout
Cout
b) Use HSPICE and the typical g25.mod models to measure Cin. Since the eventual goal
is to predict tpLH and tpHL, measure CinLH (capacitance in the 0 to VDD/2 region) and CinHL
(capacitance in the VDD/2 to VDD region).
TIPS:
 Drive the input with a DC current source of 1 A.
 Perform a transient analysis of about 10ns.
 Use “.IC V(in)=0” to set the initial condition at the input
 Use the following measure statements to calculate the capacitance:
.MEASURE t1 TRIG AT=0 TARG V(in) VAL=1.25 CROSS=1
.MEASURE CinLH PARAM=’1u*t1/1.25’
.MEASURE t2 TRIG V(in) VAL=1.25 CROSS=1 TARG V(in) VAL=2.5 CROSS=1
.MEASURE CinHL PARAM=’1u*t2/1.25’
Compare the measured and calculated values of input capacitance. Explain briefly why
CinLH is larger than CinHL.
c) Use the hand analysis parameters from Table 3.2 to determine Ron for the NMOS and
PMOS transistors. Calculate the tpHL, tpLH, trise, and tfall using the RC model with both the
hand calculated values from part a) and the measured values from part b). Assume that
the inverter is loaded with an identical inverter. Compare these values to measured
values from an HSPICE simulation using the typical g25.mod models.
TIPS:
 Model the load as a second inverter (don’t use a linear capacitor).
 Drive the inverter chain with a piecewise-linear source with a 0%-100% rise/fall time
of 40ps.
 Use the .MEASURE command to find the result.
d) Assuming a constant load capacitance, could you reduce the average propagation delay
of the inverter by changing the size of the PMOS transistor? What limit would you reach?
Problem 3)
R
Consider the simple RC circuit shown on the right.
Assume that we want to charge the capacitor from
zero volts to some final voltage V0. For each of the
functions of Vin shown below, calculate the energy
dissipated in the resistor. Assume in parts b) and c)
that T is much greater than RC.
Vin
C
Vin
Vin
Vin
V0
V0
V0
1
V
2 0
t
t0
a)
t0
t0  T
b)
t
t0
t0  T
c)
t
```