Download Power Fundamentals: Linear Regulator Fundamentals

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Transcript
Linear Regulator Fundamentals
2.5 PMOS
Linear-Regulator Operation
• Voltage feedback samples
the output R1 and R2 may
be internal or external
VIN
VOUT
PASS
TRANSISTOR
• Feedback controls pass
transistor’s current to the
load
R1
CIN
ERROR
AMP
COUT
R
LOAD
VREF
R2
2
P-FET-LDO Linear Regulators
• Drop-out voltage set by by FET
RDS-ON
• Very low quiescent (ground pin)
current
• Ground-pin current independent of
load
3
Driving PMOS LDO Pass Element
4
Gate Drive vs. Low Load Current
5
Gate Drive vs. High Load Current
6
Summary
• The PMOS LDO has the following Characteristics:
– Requires that the input voltage be higher than the output voltage based on
the load current and the On Resistance of the pass element:
• VIN > RDS(on) x IOUT
– Requires that the output voltage be higher than the VGS requirement of the
pass element
– Requires careful selection of the output capacitor value and ESR ratings
– To achieve similar RDS(on) performance a PMOS transistor will require a
larger die area than NMOS transistors
– The larger die area will affect pricing, and might affect performance
7
Thank you!
8