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Transcript
Renaissance
(1300-1500)
I.
II.
•
III.
IV.
•
V.
VI.
VII.
Intro
Intellectual Trends
Humanism
Ideas Spread
Literature
The Prince
Florence, Italy
Art
Conc.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Key Terms
Petrarch
Printing Press
Gutenberg
Machiavelli
Donatello
Leonardo
Michelangelo
Raphael
Extra Credit
• Where in the world is Mike Nagle?
– To Do: Complete one or both assignments and
turn in no later than 12/21
Definition
• Renaissance = Re-birth
Humanism
Petrarch
(1304-1374)
Italian scholar & “Father” of
Humanism
Humanism
1. Goal: educate students to
lead successful lives.
2. Involved studying the
great civilizations of the
past (Greeks & Romans).
3. Use science/rational
thought to explain things;
not religion.
Statue of Petrarch
Outside Uffizi Museum
Printing & Reproducing
• For centuries it was
costly & time
consuming to
reproduce written
works.
• Mid-1400s a printing
press was perfectedinformation can be
spread VERY quickly.
Vellum Bible
Printing Press
Impossible(?) to overestimate
its impact:
1. A useful political tool
2. United people
3. People could read
(Bible) for themselves
Johannes Gutenberg
(ca. 1400-1468)
Literature
Niccoló Machiavelli
(1469-1527)
• Machiavelli’s The Prince: first
rational explanation of politics.
– “The ends justifies the
means…”
• History of Florence
revolutionized historical writing.
– Explored causes and
consequences of historical
events, not a simple
chronology.
Italy
Divided into city-states:
•Florence
•Milan
•Papal States
•Naples
•Venice
Renaissance Art Themes
1. Influence of Humanism
a) Scientific themes
1) Linear perspective
b) Greek & Roman influence
2. Religious Symbols (Church had $$)
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
http://vids.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=vids.ind
ividual&videoID=1558354533
Four Renaissance Artists
• Donatello (1386-1466)
– Famous sculptor; Christianity; Greeks &
Romans; David & Gattamelata
• Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
• Painter; science & Christianity; Last Supper
& Mona Lisa; sketches
• Michelangelo (1475-1564)
– Painter & sculptor; science (human body) &
Christianity; Sistine Chapel; David; Pieta
• Raphael (1483-1520)
– Painter; science, Christianity, Ancient Greeks;
School of Athens, Madonna & Child
Donatello’s
Gattamelata
• Shows synthesis of
religion (St. Anthony’s)
& Classic themes (first
equestrian statue since
Roman times)
Donatello’s
David
(about 5 feet in
height; the first large
nude figure since
antiquity)
Michelangelo’s
David
(13 ft. 5 inches)
David = Glorifies human form
& perfection of human body
Olympic Games
• Held in honor of Zeus
• Celebrated human
heroism & perfection
• Winners received only
a small prize, but
returned home as
heroes
Judas, Peter, John, Jesus
(Left to right)
Vitruvian Man
(Navel = Center of Circle)
Sistine
Chapel
“Last Judgment”
The pope had nudes
covered
School Of Athens
Plato (as Leonardo) & Aristotle
School Of Athens (26 X 18 ft.)
Self-portrait; holding the world
Madonna &
Child
(WADC, Raphael)
Renaissance
(1300-1500)
I.
II.
•
III.
IV.
•
V.
VI.
VII.
Intro
Intellectual Trends
Humanism
Ideas Spread
Literature
The Prince
Florence, Italy
Art
Conc.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Key Terms
Petrarch
Printing Press
Gutenberg
Machiavelli
Donatello
Leonardo
Michelangelo
Raphael