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Wikipage—Supreme Court Case Brown v. Board of Education Background: This case is one of many in the 1950s that concerns segregation in schools. The name of this particular case is actually the name given to five consolidated court cases by the Supreme Court that concerned the constitutionality of state-sponsored desegregation in public schools. The cases included are from Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County, Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel. Thurgood Marshall, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and the Education Fund handled these five cases, among others concerning the civil rights of African Americans and minorities in America. Each of these cases, though with different background stories, all had the same general argument. Numerous black children and their lawyers or legal representatives were fighting for admission to schools that enforced segregation based on race. The plaintiffs were collectively represented by Thurgood Marshall. Marshall argued that the concept of school systems separating students based on race, color, or creed are “inherently unequal” and unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. These cases were initially heard in the Supreme Court in 1952. The Supreme Court justices had a split in opinions, thus the case was left unresolved in June 1953 when the court failed to make a decision before the end of its term. The case was set to be reheard in December of that same year. Before then, Chief Justice Fred Vinson died and was replace by Governor Earl Warren from California. After rehearing the case, Chief Justice Warren brought all the Justices together and delivered an unanimous decision in favor of the plaintiffs, unlike the lack of decision which his predecessor operated in. He delivered the Court’s opinion on May 14, 1954. Plaintiff: Young black students of KS, SC, VA, and DE, seeking admission to segregated public schools that did not permit them based on their race. They argued that separating students based on race did not allow students to learn as equals, denouncing the “separate but equal” doctrine in school systems. Defendant: School systems and educational boards from those respective states from which the plaintiffs hailed denied the unconstitutionality of segregation, arguing that the “separate but equal” doctrine held true. Majority Decision: Delivered on May 14th, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren gave the unanimous opinion of the Supreme Court, stating that “in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” The separation of black children from other children based entirely on their race induces a sense of inferiority relative to their community in those children that ultimately affects their hearts and minds irreparably, and can affect their motivation to learn. Protecting segregation in schools with the law can infringe on the development of black children mentally and educationally, thus Wikipage—Supreme Court Case depriving those children of the same opportunities afforded to them in a desegregated public school setting. Dissenting Decision: None Precedent set: All public schools were then forced to desegregate their public schools, though the Supreme Court did not immediately try to give direction in order to implement their ruling after releasing the court decision. It instead asked all state attorney generals to submit plans in order to facilitate and begin desegregating their public schools. Part of Bill of Rights affected by this case: This case affected the 14th Amendment of the Constitution, which states that no state can make a law that takes civil liberties or rights away from an American citizen. In this case, the defense argued that the privileges of white children should not be infringed upon by forcing them to go to school with black children. However, Chief Justice Warren decided against them on the grounds that the basis for the creation of the 14th Amendment were not the same at the time of its implementation, and that the Constitution must be looked at in its entirety in light of the role of public education in America currently. That called for the decision to be made in favor of the five plaintiffs. Works Cited "Brown v. Board of Education: Case Brief Summary." Lawnix.com. Virginia College. Web. 03 May 2012. <http://www.lawnix.com/cases/brown-board-education.html>. "History of Brown v. Board of Education." United States Courts. Administrative Office of the US Courts. Web. 03 May 2012. <http://www.uscourts.gov/EducationalResources/ConstitutionResources/LegalLandmarks/Histor yOfBrownVBoardOfEducation.aspx>. "The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 11-27." The Constitution of the United States: Amendments 11-27. National Archives and Records Administration. Web. 8 May 2012. <http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html>.