Download Acquisition Parameters Affecting Image Contrast in Single Photon

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Image-guided radiation therapy wikipedia, lookup

Medical imaging wikipedia, lookup

Technetium-99m wikipedia, lookup

Fluoroscopy wikipedia, lookup

Nuclear medicine wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
International Conference on Integrated Medical Imaging in Cardiovascular
Diseases (IMIC 2016)
Contribution ID : 20
Type : poster
Acquisition Parameters Affecting Image Contrast in
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
Abstract content
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) kill more people globally than any other disease.
Nuclear imaging technology plays an ever more central role in detecting these diseases early. It is
used to improve “outcomes” for patients, meaning that early and precise disease diagnosis informs
effective treatment and leads to a faster, more complete return to health. Various physical factors
limit the quality of the SPECT images. Among these are matrix size and motion type. A general
definition of contrast is that it is the ratio of signal change of an object of interest, such as a lesion,
relative to the signal level in surrounding parts of the image.
Aim: The aim of the present work is to evaluate different physical factors: matrix size & motion
type, affecting the image contrast in Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography (SPECT)
in order to optimize the patient’s examination on the gamma camera in nuclear medicine facility.
Results: Generally, we found that the image contrast by using Iterative method is higher than it
by using FBP in most of factors. The big advantage of the iterative approach is that accurate
corrections can be made for all physical properties of the imaging system and the transport of g-rays
that can be mathematically modelled.
In the present study it was found that, matrix size doesn’t affect contrast values in SPECT studies,
but contrast by using matrix 128x128 is small higher than 64x64. And S&S continues gives the
best contrast value in motion types. In Matrix Size, a non-significant difference observed between
contrast values in 128x128 and 64x64 matrix size. The count rate with 64x64 higher greater than
count rate with 128x128 matrix size and that is because the pixel size in 64x64 is larger than pixel
size in 128x128 matrix size, at which it is able to collect more counts. In Motion Type, a statistically
significant difference observed between contrast values by changing motion type. S&S continues,
gives the best contrast value because it doesn’t lose any counts.
Conclusion: Finally, contrast parameter in SPECT studies by using Iterative method is higher than
it by using FBP in most of physical factors.
Country/Organization invited to participate
Egypt
Primary author(s) :
Prof. HELAL, Nadia (Nuclear& Radiological Regulatory Authority.)
Co-author(s) :
Dr. MOHIE EL-DIN, Hazem (Inaya Medical College, Nuclear Medicine Technology
Department, Riyadh, K.S.A,)
Presenter(s) :
Prof. HELAL, Nadia (Nuclear& Radiological Regulatory Authority.)
Track Classification : Radiation protection for personnel and dose reduction for patients