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Transcript
Intelligence as perspective
Intelligence as
perspective
why interesting?
„
AI as research tradition
„
trends
„
dealing with humans
+
machines
helge hüttenrauch,
[email protected]
Theoretical Perspectives on HCI
„
„
„
„
applied
vs.
theoretical
70’s logical (rule & knowledge based)
80’s emergent (connectionists, nn)
90’s embodied (ai-life, agents, robots)
building, using, visiting, applying,
teaching, adapting intelligent artifacts,
gadgets, applications, systems, services…
…for whom?!
reference
the argumentation
Davis, Randall, (1998), What Are
Intelligence? And Why?, 1996
AAAI Presidential Address, in AI
Magazine, 19(1), p.91-110,
Spring 1998, American
Association for Artificial
Intelligence, Menlo Park, CA;
„
intelligent behavior
intelligence evolution
as opposed to instinct or stimulusresponse associations:
„ prediction
„ response to change
„ intentional action
„ reasoning
„
Helge Hüttenrauch, HMI 656 Presentation
intelligence are many things
product of evolution
„ human = over determined,
unnecessarily complex, inefficient
designed
„ true as well for cognition
„ Look for the visual; thinking as
reliving, re-acting
„
subject of study: speculative!
„ evolution: no cause, no problem,
but blind search
„ filter: statistically improved survival
function, Æ ‘good enough’
1
Intelligence as perspective
intelligence evolution (2)
„
“…searching for the minimalism and
elegance beloved by engineers may
be a diversion, for it simply might
not be there.[…] The human mind is
a 400.000-year-old legacy
application…and you expected to
find structured programming?”
intelligence evolution (3)
„
theories intelligence origin:
early
early
„ early
„ early
„ Early
„ Early
„
„
man, the primal tool maker
man and the killer frisbee
man and the killer climate
man, the primal frugivore
man, the primal psychologist
man, the primal linguist
thinking is reliving
„
„
„
„
thinking by internal visualization
planning for activities as
“visual reasoning”
Thought processes mimic real life: we are
re-acting, thus reliving our perceptual
and motor experiences;
ÅÆ Context matters for reuse &
simulation of our experiences in the
environment
Helge Hüttenrauch, HMI 656 Presentation
2