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MESOPOTAMIA – CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION Name:______________________ Lesson Two – Rise of Sumer Agenda: Group Question: Professional Armies Map: Akkadian Empire Essential Questions ESSENTIAL QUESTION: What role did Sargon play in the rise of the Akkadian Empire? The Akkadian Empire: In time, another society developed along the Tigris and Euphrates. It was created by the ____________ who lived just ____________ of ____________. In the 2300s BC the Akkadian ruler, ____________, sought to extend his territory. He built a new capital, ____________, on the ____________ River, near what is now the city of Baghdad. Sargon was the first ruler to have a permanent army. He used that army to launch a series of wars against neighboring kingdoms. Sargon’s soldiers defeated all the city-states of Sumer. They also conquered northern Mesopotamia, finally bringing the entire region under his rule. With these conquests, ____________ established the world’s first ____________, or land with different territories and peoples under a single rule. This empire stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. Sargon ruled for over ____________ years however his empire was not to last long. Hostile tribes invaded Akkad throwing the region into chaos. Eventually the Sumerian city-state of ____________ rebuilt its strength and conquered the rest of Mesopotamia. The ____________ once again became the most powerful civilization in the region. http://youtu.be/500AcegEuyw The Akkadian Empire: What advantage would having the world’s first professional army give to Sargon? Explain.