Download Islam and Animism File

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

The Jewel of Medina wikipedia, lookup

Salah wikipedia, lookup

Al-Nahda wikipedia, lookup

Islam and secularism wikipedia, lookup

Islam and modernity wikipedia, lookup

Tazkiah wikipedia, lookup

LGBT in Islam wikipedia, lookup

International reactions to Fitna wikipedia, lookup

Islam and violence wikipedia, lookup

Criticism of Islamism wikipedia, lookup

Criticism of Twelver Shia Islam wikipedia, lookup

Soviet Orientalist studies in Islam wikipedia, lookup

Islam in Somalia wikipedia, lookup

Sources of sharia wikipedia, lookup

Satanic Verses wikipedia, lookup

Islam in South Africa wikipedia, lookup

War against Islam wikipedia, lookup

Islam in Indonesia wikipedia, lookup

Historicity of Muhammad wikipedia, lookup

Islam and war wikipedia, lookup

Islam and Sikhism wikipedia, lookup

Muhammad and the Bible wikipedia, lookup

Islam in Bangladesh wikipedia, lookup

Islamic culture wikipedia, lookup

Hindu–Islamic relations wikipedia, lookup

Origin of Shia Islam wikipedia, lookup

Islam and Mormonism wikipedia, lookup

Schools of Islamic theology wikipedia, lookup

Islamic schools and branches wikipedia, lookup

Islam and other religions wikipedia, lookup

Islam is the second most popular
religion in the world with 1.3 billion
followers. Islam began in Saudi Arabia
and was revealed to humanity by the
Prophet Muhammad. Those who follow
Islam are called Muslims. Muslims
believe that there is only one God
(monotheistic), called Allah, who speaks
 After Muhammad’s death two main
branches of Islam formed from a dispute
on who should be the leader of the
 Sunni recognize the male heirs of the first 4
elected (according to Muhammad's
instruction) caliphs (or spiritual heads) after
Muhammad’s death
 Shiite recognize the decedents of only the
4th caliphs—Ali (M’s son-in-law & cousin),
the only true descendent of Muhammad
 In all other ways Sunni and Shiite are
very similar
The Muslim scripture is the Holy Qur'an. It
is 'the word of God'. Muslim beliefs and
practices are rooted in the Qur'an.
Muslims treat the Qur'an with great respect
because they believe that the Qur'an is from
Allah, and every word and every letter is
Muslims regard the Qur'an as the unaltered
word of God.
The Muslim building for communal
worship is called a Mosque. The word
comes from the Arabic for "place of
Worshippers are called to prayer 5 times
a day from minarets – towers on the
mosque corners.
Grand mosque in Mecca
The Kaaba
Dome of the Rock
 Followers of Islam believe that Muhammed was a
prophet of God (Allah) in the same vein as Abraham,
Moses, and Noah. They also believe Jesus was a
prophet of God, however, they do not believe that he
was the son of God.
 In some Muslim countries the legal system is not
separate from the religion. These countries have
Sharia Law, or law based on the Koran.
Shahadah: declaration of faith
"I bear witness that there is no god, but God; I bear witness
that Muhammad is the prophet of God." By reciting this, one
enters Islamic faith.
Salah: Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca
Muslims are required to pray five times a day, washing
themselves before prayer and facing in the direction of Mecca
while praying.
Zakat: Give a fixed proportion to charity
Muslims are required to give away a percentage of their
earnings to those less fortunate, regardless of their religion.
Saum: Fast during the month of Ramadan
Muslims fast for one lunar month each year, a period called
Ramadan. During this time, Muslims reflect on their behavior
and strive to purify their thoughts.
Hajj: Make a pilgrimage to Mecca
If it is financially possible, Muslims are required to travel to
Mecca once in their lifetime.
Islam in 1500 C.E.
In 1500, located in Middle East,
Africa, and Southern Europe
Islam Today
Today, located in Middle East,
Africa, and Asia
1. Founder - There is no one person
who is considered the founder of
2. Geographic Origin - Developed
worldwide in different parts of the
world. (Africa, the Americas, Asia,
and Australia)
3. Currently Practiced - World-wide,
but most common in traditional
societies of Africa, the Americas
and Australia
4. Significant Writings – None, but
have an oral tradition of story-telling
(oral history)
5. Significant Religious People –
a. Shaman - A person who
communicates with the spiritual
world and conducts rituals
b. Medicine Man/Woman - A
healer or a person who can treat
c. Griot - A professional storyteller
in a traditional African Animist
West African
6. Beliefs:
a. Religion that believes that each object has its
own spirit and that ancestors watch over the
b. Polytheistic - Spirits are found in natural
objects (living and nonliving objects)
c. There is belief in a Supreme Being and in lesser
d. Obey the gods and follow tradition and you will
be rewarded with good harvests and many
healthy children.
e. Failure to follow traditions would anger the
Gods and result in hardships, crop failure,
illness and death.
7. Practices:
a. Prayers and ceremonies keep gods on
your side
b. Use of ceremonial masks as a way to
receive what the people want or need.