* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
George Washington opposed the creation of political parties Americans were deeply divided over how American should be run Major debaters ◦ Hamilton vs. Jefferson (Washington’s 1st term) ◦ Hamilton vs. Madison (Washington’s 2nd term) Issues of debate Hamilton’s view ◦ Interpretations of the Constitution ◦ Economic policy ◦ Favored the British Government, strong central government, growth of trade, manufacturing, and cities ◦ Opposed French Revolution Jefferson/Madison view ◦ Feared a strong central government (tyranny) ◦ Viewed a rural nation of planters and farmers Differences lead to formation of political parties Political parties = group of people that tries to promote its ideas and influence government Jefferson and Madison formed the Democratic-Republican Party ◦ Name reflects belief in democracy and the republican system ◦ Attracted farmers and workers Hamilton formed the Federalists Party ◦ Attracted Northern merchants and manufacturers The First Political Parties Federalists Democratic-Republicans Strong National Government Limited National Government Fear of mob rule Fear of rule by one person or a powerful few Loose construction of the Constitution Strict construction of the Constitution Favored National Bank Opposed National Bank Economy based on manufacturing and Economy based on farming shipping Supporters: lawyers, merchants, manufacturers, clergy Supporters: Farmers, tradespeople Year Hamiltonians Jeffersonians 1792 Federalists DemocraticRepublicans 1816 Death of Federalists 1820 Republicans One Party: Era of Good Feeling 1825 National Republicans DemocraticRepublicans (Jacksonian Democrats) 1834 Whigs Democrats 1854 Republicans To Present To Present Using your knowledge about the Nation’s first two political parties, choose one of them and create a propaganda poster in support of it. Use color on your poster. Vocab. Propaganda: any technique that attempts to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes or behavior of a group in order to benefit the sponsor.