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AIM: How does Air, Water, Land, & Sun
interact to produce our weather?
1. Compare the density
of warm & cold air.
1. Read p. 27-36 in your
ILS PS Review Book.
2. Answer Questions
#51-100 on your
DUE- Tomorrow by 8 AM
ILS Question
Which setup below would
require the least force to lift a
100-gram mass a distance of
10 centimeters?
ILS Question
The diagram below shows stages in the development of a
certain landscape.
When did erosion become the most dominant process in the
development of the landscape shown in stage 4?
(1) at stage 1
(2) at stage 2
(3) between stages 2 and 3
(4) between stages 3 and 4
ILS Question
The diagram below shows a cross section of rock layers in
Earth’s crust.
The forces shown in the diagram caused the rock layers to
(1) fault
(2) fold
(3) form
(4) expand
ILS Question
Several tomato plants are grown indoors next to a sunny
window. The plants receive water and fertilizer and
remain on the windowsill. What will most likely happen?
(1) Most of the leaves on the window side will wilt and die.
(2) The roots of the plants will grow upward from the soil.
(3) Water droplets will collect on the leaves facing away
from the window.
(4) The stem will bend toward the window
ILS Question
The table below shows the
symptoms of some diseases
that are caused by bacteria.
Which two diseases listed in
the table affect the digestive
(1) botulism and typhoid
(2) botulism and pneumonia
(3) tetanus and pneumonia
(4) tetanus and typhoid fever
ILS Question
Which situation is the best example of ecological
(1) An organism survives a difficult winter.
(2) The populations in an area remain the same.
(3) One species replaces another species in an ecosystem.
(4) Each of several species uses the same amount of
What is weather?
 Local or short term
changes in temperature,
rainfall, wind, cloud cover
What is climate?
 The average weather
conditions over a large
geographic area that
extends over a long
period of time.
How is the amount of rainfall affected by the mountain?
How does altitude
(elevation) affect
 The higher the altitude
(elevation), the cooler the
How do ocean currents
affect temperature?
 Ocean currents can
moderate (cool or warm)
nearby coastal
How does latitude affect the
amount of solar radiation
(direct sunlight)?
 As latitude increases,
there is a decrease of
solar radiation.
How does latitude affect
 As latitude increases,
there is a decrease in
Describe where the air mass is
formed & its characteristics.
 Formed over water
 Wet weather
 Formed over land
 Dry weather
 Formed over northern
 Cold weather
 Formed over southern
 Warm weather
ILS Questions
Which term refers to the
atmospheric conditions that
prevail from season to
season and year to year at a
certain location?
(1) Weather
(2) climate
(3) equilibrium
(4) ecosystem
Weather forecasts are more
accurate today than
in the past due to
(1) global warming
(2) air-quality control
(3) plate tectonics
(4) use of images from
ILS Questions
The map shows the origin of a maritime
tropical air mass. The arrow shows the
general track of this air mass. New York
State is labeled NY.
Which temperature and moisture
conditions are associated with this air
(1) cold and dry
(2) warm and humid
(3) cold and humid
(4) warm and dry
Which factor has the greatest influence
on the direction of the air-mass track?
(1) upper air currents
(2) ocean currents
(3) sea breezes
(4) mountain barriers
ILS Question
The map below shows the total
rainfall, in inches, for parts of
New York State, Vermont, and
New Hampshire over one year.
The numbered dark lines
connect locations with the
same amount of total rainfall.
State boundaries are indicated
What was the probable amount
of rainfall, in inches, for
Waterbury, Vermont, for that
Describe the type of weather that is expected with a High
pressure system?
 Nice clear weather
Describe the type of weather associated with a Low
pressure system?
 Unstable
 Wet weather
Describe the weather a person would experience during
the passing of a warm front?
1. Cool weather
2. Long period of rain
3. Warm front line passes
4. Warm weather
Describe the weather a person would experience during
the passing of a cold front?
1. Warm weather
2. Cold front line passes
3. Heavy rains & storms for a short period of time
4. Cool weather
ILS Question
The arrows in the diagram below show the circulation of air on
a sunny day.
The air circulation shown is caused by
(1) both hot air and cool air sinking
(2) both hot air and cool air rising
(3) hot air sinking and cool air rising
(4) hot air rising and cool air sinking
ILS Questions
The map shows a low-pressure
system (L) over New York State
in July.
Describe one weather
condition that was most likely
produced along the fronts as
this low-pressure system
moved across New York State
in July.
Explain why this low-pressure
system causes the temperature
to be warmer in Syracuse than
in Rochester.