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Transcript
EVIDENCE OF
EVOLUTION
Review and Reinforce
Seal’s flipper / Bird’s Wing
1. Compare and contrast the bones
of a bird’s wing and a seal’s flipper?
Both have essentially the
same bones, though in
somewhat different
shapes.
2. What do scientists infer from the
similarities between these two
structures?
They infer that the two
species had a common
ancestor.
3. What do scientists call such
similar structures?
Homologous
structures
4. Describe how DNA evidence
might be used to confirm scientists’
conclusions about any relationship
between birds and seals?
The more similar the
species’ DNA, the closer
the relationship.
5. What types of evidence do
scientists use to determine
evolutionary relationships among
groups?
Scientists compare body structures,
development before birth, and DNA
sequences to determine the
evolutionary relationships among
organisms.
6. What do similiarities in the
early development of organisms
suggest?
Similarities in early
development suggest that
species are related and have
a common ancestor.
7. Similar structures that related
species have inherited from a
common ancestor are called?
Homologous
Structures
8. A diagram that shows how
scientists think different groups
of organisms are related?
Branching
tree