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Transcript
Interactions in Communities
Review Slide Set
• Small birds called Egyptian plovers sometimes get
their food by picking it off the hides of crocodiles.
For this reason, they are also known as crocodile
birds. Which kind of relationship do crocodiles
and Egyptian plovers have?
• A. mutualism
• B. parasitism
• C. predator-prey
• D. commensalism
• Small birds called Egyptian plovers sometimes get
their food by picking it off the hides of crocodiles.
For this reason, they are also known as crocodile
birds. Which kind of relationship do crocodiles
and Egyptian plovers have?
• A. mutualism
• B. parasitism
• C. predator-prey
• D. commensalism
• .Which of the following is not a resource that
two birds living in the same tree would likely
compete for?
• A. oxygen in the air to breathe
• B. other birds with which to mate
• C. twigs with which to build a nest
• D. seeds growing on the tree to eat
• .Which of the following is not a resource that
two birds living in the same tree would likely
compete for?
• A. oxygen in the air to breathe
• B. other birds with which to mate
• C. twigs with which to build a nest
• D. seeds growing on the tree to eat
• Which of the following describes the most
likely reason that a group of predators of the
same species would cooperate?
• A. to secure a mate
• B. to claim a limited resource
• C. to kill a larger animal for food
• D. to defend each other from attack
• Which of the following describes the most
likely reason that a group of predators of the
same species would cooperate?
• A. to secure a mate
• B. to claim a limited resource
• C. to kill a larger animal for food
• D. to defend each other from attack
• . Which of the following describes the
relationship between a hermit crab and the
mollusk that previously lived in the hermit
crab’s shell?
• A. parasitism
• B. mutualism
• C. commensalism
• D. predator and prey
• . Which of the following describes the
relationship between a hermit crab and the
mollusk that previously lived in the hermit
crab’s shell?
• A. parasitism
• B. mutualism
• C. commensalism
• D. predator and prey
• . Which of the following is a resource for
which two trees growing next to each other in
a forest would most likely compete?
• A. nutrients in the soil
• B. carbon dioxide in the air
• C. bark-eating animals that live nearby
• D. timber that humans can use for fuel
• . Which of the following is a resource for
which two trees growing next to each other in
a forest would most likely compete?
• A. nutrients in the soil
• B. carbon dioxide in the air
• C. bark-eating animals that live nearby
• D. timber that humans can use for fuel
• What causes competition to occur in an
environment?
• A. Good conditions make resources plentiful.
• B. Organisms struggle for a limited resource.
• C. Members of a population have different
roles.
• D. A population falls below the environment’s
carrying capacity.
• What causes competition to occur in an
environment?
• A. Good conditions make resources plentiful.
• B. Organisms struggle for a limited resource.
• C. Members of a population have different
roles.
• D. A population falls below the environment’s
carrying capacity.
• A small fish called a cleaner wrasse darts in
and out of a larger fish’s mouth, removing and
eating parasites and dead tissue. Which term
best describes the relationship between the
cleaner wrasse and the large fish?
• A. mutualism C. parasitism
• B. commensalisms D. competition
• A small fish called a cleaner wrasse darts in
and out of a larger fish’s mouth, removing and
eating parasites and dead tissue. Which term
best describes the relationship between the
cleaner wrasse and the large fish?
• A. mutualismC. parasitism
• B. commensalisms D. competition
• Bees have a society in which different
members have different responsibilities. The
interaction among bees is an example of what
type of behavior?
• A. cooperation C. consumerism
• B. competition D. commensalism
• Bees have a society in which different
members have different responsibilities. The
interaction among bees is an example of what
type of behavior?
• A. cooperation C. consumerism
• B. competition D. commensalism
• Which of the following is the most likely
reason that a population might crash?
• A. The competition for the same resource
suddenly drops.
• B. The number of prey suddenly increases.
• C. The number of predators suddenly
decreases.
• D. The carrying capacity of the environment
suddenly drops.
• Which of the following is the most likely
reason that a population might crash?
• A. The competition for the same resource
suddenly drops.
• B. The number of prey suddenly increases.
• C. The number of predators suddenly
decreases.
• D. The carrying capacity of the environment
suddenly drops.
• Which of these statements best explains why
trees in a forest do not grow very close to one
another?
• A. Their seeds blow away from them.
• B. Deer eat the newly sprouted seedlings.
• C. Trees are harvested by lumber companies.
• D. Trees compete for resources directly
around them.
• Which of these statements best explains why
trees in a forest do not grow very close to one
another?
• A. Their seeds blow away from them.
• B. Deer eat the newly sprouted seedlings.
• C. Trees are harvested by lumber companies.
• D. Trees compete for resources directly
around them.
•
•
•
•
•
Hermit crabs and anemones have a mutualistic relationship. Which
of these statements best describes how they interact?
A. Hermit crabs and anemones live in the same ecosystem and
can eat similar organisms.
B. Anemones can move on their own by using their tentacles and
pedal disk. The pedal disk is on the side of the anemone that is
opposite its mouth.
C. Anemones cannot move very quickly, but they can sting
predators. When an anemone is riding on a hermit crab’s shell, the
anemone protects the crab from predators.
D. When a hermit crab grows too big for a shell, it moves to a
larger shell. If an anemone has attached itself to the old shell, the
hermit crab will move the anemone to its new shell.
•
•
•
•
•
Hermit crabs and anemones have a mutualistic relationship. Which
of these statements best describes how they interact?
A. Hermit crabs and anemones live in the same ecosystem and
can eat similar organisms.
B. Anemones can move on their own by using their tentacles and
pedal disk. The pedal disk is on the side of the anemone that is
opposite its mouth.
C. Anemones cannot move very quickly, but they can sting
predators. When an anemone is riding on a hermit crab’s shell,
the anemone protects the crab from predators.
D. When a hermit crab grows too big for a shell, it moves to a
larger shell. If an anemone has attached itself to the old shell, the
hermit crab will move the anemone to its new shell.
• A spider hides in an orchid flower. It captures and
eats insects as they enter the flower. How could
this be an example of mutualism?
• A. if the spider is also eating part of the flower
• B. if the spider’s actions do not affect the orchid
plant
• C. if the insects that the spider captures are
harming the flower
• D. if the insects that the spider captures are
pollinating the flower
• A spider hides in an orchid flower. It captures and
eats insects as they enter the flower. How could
this be an example of mutualism?
• A. if the spider is also eating part of the flower
• B. if the spider’s actions do not affect the orchid
plant
• C. if the insects that the spider captures are
harming the flower
• D. if the insects that the spider captures are
pollinating the flower
• What is one way that cooperation helps lions to
survive?
• A. They hunt in a group to increase their
likelihood of catching prey.
• B. They all have a tan color that helps them
blend into their environment.
• C. They eat a variety of prey, including zebras,
buffaloes, and wildebeest.
• D. They live in prides of five to ten adult females
and their young, and one or
two adult males.
• What is one way that cooperation helps lions to
survive?
• A. They hunt in a group to increase their
likelihood of catching prey.
• B. They all have a tan color that helps them
blend into their environment.
• C. They eat a variety of prey, including zebras,
buffaloes, and wildebeest.
• D. They live in prides of five to ten adult females
and their young, and one or
two adult males.
• A spider hides in an orchid flower. It captures and
eats insects as they enter the flower. How could
this be an example of mutualism?
• A. if the spider is also eating part of the flower
• B. if the spider’s actions do not affect the orchid
plant
• C. if the insects that the spider captures are
harming the flower
• D. if the insects that the spider captures are
pollinating the flower
• A spider hides in an orchid flower. It captures and
eats insects as they enter the flower. How could
this be an example of mutualism?
• A. if the spider is also eating part of the flower
• B. if the spider’s actions do not affect the orchid
plant
• C. if the insects that the spider captures are
harming the flower
• D. if the insects that the spider captures are
pollinating the flower
Immigrant is
A. Moving from a unfriendly environment
B. Moving into a friendly environment
C. Staying in the same environment
D. Moving in and out of an environment
Immigrant is
A. Moving from a unfriendly environment
B. Moving into a friendly environment
C. Staying in the same environment
D. Moving in and out of an environment
Symbiosis is
A. Mutualism
B. Commensalism
C. Parasitism
D. All of the above
Symbiosis is
A. Mutualism
B. Commensalism
C. Parasitism
D. All of the above
Parasitism includes
A. A host
B. Mutualism
C. Competition
D. Ultimate death
Parasitism includes
A. A host
B. Mutualism
C. Competition
D. Ultimate death
How does commensalism differ form
mutualism?
A. They are the same
B. They include a host and a parasite
C. Commensalism helps one species and
mutualism helps two species
D. Mutualism helps one species and
commensalism helps two.
How does commensalism differ form
mutualism?
A. They are the same
B. They include a host and a parasite
C. Commensalism helps one species and
mutualism helps two species
D. Mutualism helps one species and
commensalism helps two.
The population of lions grows too large to share
their current territory. What will be the effect?
A. Males will fight for females
B. Females will be forced to hunt more often.
C. There will be more competition for food and
shelter.
D. Diets will have to change.
The population of lions grows too large to share
their current territory. What will be the effect?
A. Males will fight for females
B. Females will be forced to hunt more often.
C. There will be more competition for food and
shelter.
D. Diets will have to change.
How might an insects appearance help keep it
from being prey?
A. It is able to hide more easily
B. It can hide its legs and eyes to stay hidden.
C. It must be able to dig itself into trees and
form a mutualistic relationship
D. Insects appearing like its surroundings, like a
leaf, could keep its predator from eating it.
How might an insects appearance help keep it
from being prey?
A. It is able to hide more easily
B. It can hide its legs and eyes to stay hidden.
C. It must be able to dig itself into trees and
form a mutualistic relationship
D. Insects appearing like its surroundings, like a
leaf, could keep its predator from eating it.
Lions hunt down antelope. If most of the
antelope are killed
A. The lion population will increase.
B. The antelope will emigrate to another
ecosystem.
C. More antelope will immigrate to this
environment.
D. The lions will have less to eat and their
population will decrease.
Lions hunt down antelope. If most of the
antelope are killed
A. The lion population will increase.
B. The antelope will emigrate to another
ecosystem.
C. More antelope will immigrate to this
environment.
D. The lions will have less to eat and their
population will decrease.
Symbiosis is
A. Lives living together.
B. Made up of two different types of
relationships
C. Made up of many organisms in many biomes.
D. Only when both organisms in a relationship
benefit.
Symbiosis is
A. Lives living together.
B. Made up of two different types of
relationships
C. Made up of many organisms in many biomes.
D. Only when both organisms in a relationship
benefit.
How does commensalism differ from
mutualism?
A. Commensalism benefits both species
B. Mutualism benefits only the host.
C. Commensalism only helps one of two
species.
D. Mutualism benefits only the predator.
How does commensalism differ from
mutualism?
A. Commensalism benefits both species
B. Mutualism benefits only the host.
C. Commensalism only helps one of two
species.
D. Mutualism benefits only the predator.
There are more male hyenas in a population than
female hyenas. What effect will this have on the
reproductive process?
A. Males will try to mate with a limited female
population causing fewer males due to
dominance by certain males.
B. More females will be born.
C. Less breeding will happen.
D. More males will be born to replace those who
have died off.
There are more male hyenas in a population than
female hyenas. What effect will this have on the
reproductive process?
A. Males will try to mate with a limited female
population causing fewer males due to
dominance by certain males.
B. More females will be born.
C. Less breeding will happen.
D. More males will be born to replace those who
have died off.
Elephants dominate a watering hole in Kenya so
that it dries up. What will be the result in the
community?
A. Elephants will die off.
B. Less dominate organisms such as zebras will
either die or move to another ecosystem.
C. More dominate organisms than the elephant
will take over the community.
D. All less dominate organisms will die.
Elephants dominate a watering hole in Kenya so
that it dries up. What will be the result in the
community?
A. Elephants will die off.
B. Less dominate organisms such as zebras will
either die or move to another ecosystem.
C. More dominate organisms than the elephant
will take over the community.
D. All less dominate organisms will die.
Predators eat
A. Other predators
B. Only herbivores
C. Prey
D. Carnivores
Predators eat
A. Other predators
B. Only herbivores
C. Prey
D. Carnivores
A tick could get its nourishment from
A. A plant.
B. A fish
C. A dog
D. The bacteria in the soil
A tick could get its nourishment from
A. A plant.
B. A fish
C. A dog
D. The bacteria in the soil
All organisms is an ecosystem compete for
A. food and water.
B. Food, air, and shelter
C. Food, air, shelter, and reproduction
D. Food, shelter, reproduction, and water
All organisms is an ecosystem compete for
A. food and water.
B. Food, air, and shelter
C. Food, air, shelter, and reproduction
D. Food, shelter, reproduction, and water
A long-term relationship between two different
species within a community is called
A. Mutualism
B. Commensalism
C. Symbiosis
D. Parasitism
A long-term relationship between two different
species within a community is called
A. Mutualism
B. Commensalism
C. Symbiosis
D. Parasitism
What is the relationship between the size of a
predator population and the size of a prey
population?
A. As the predator population grows, the prey
population gets smaller.
B. As the predator population grows, the prey
population gets larger.
C. As the prey population grows, the predator
population gets smaller.
D. As the prey population grows, the predator
population stays the same.
What is the relationship between the size of a
predator population and the size of a prey
population?
A. As the predator population grows, the prey
population gets smaller.
B. As the predator population grows, the prey
population gets larger.
C. As the prey population grows, the predator
population gets smaller.
D. As the prey population grows, the predator
population stays the same.
Think of a resource, and predict what happens to
the resource when competition for it increases.
A. When the resource decreases, then competitors
for the resource increases.
B. When the resource increases, then competitors
for the resource increases.
C. When the resource increases, then competitors
for the resource decreases.
D. When the resource decreases, then competitors
for the resource decreases.
Think of a resource, and predict what happens to
the resource when competition for it increases.
A. When the resource decreases, then
competitors for the resource increases.
B. When the resource increases, then competitors
for the resource increases.
C. When the resource increases, then competitors
for the resource decreases.
D. When the resource decreases, then competitors
for the resource decreases.
Competition occurs
A. When organisms fight for the same unlimited
resources.
B. When organisms fight for many resources.
C. When organisms fight for the same resource.
D. When organisms fight for the unlimited food.
Competition occurs
A. When organisms fight for the same unlimited
resources.
B. When organisms fight for many resources.
C. When organisms fight for the same
resource.
D. When organisms fight for the unlimited food.
Bees pollinating flowers is an example of
A. Parasitism
B. Commensalism
C. Mutualism
D. Competition
Bees pollinating flowers is an example of
A. Parasitism
B. Commensalism
C. Mutualism
D. Competition
Tickbirds eat ticks and flies on rhinoceros. This
behavior helps the rhino. The ticks and flies are
A. Beneficial to the rhino.
B. Parasites to the tickbirds.
C. Parasites to the rhino
D. Competing for food on the tickbirds.
Tickbirds eat ticks and flies on rhinoceros. This
behavior helps the rhino. The ticks and flies are
A. Beneficial to the rhino.
B. Parasites to the tickbirds.
C. Parasites to the rhino
D. Competing for food on the tickbirds.
Commensalism
A. Benefits both organisms.
B. Benefits one organism at the expense of the
other.
C. Benefits the predator but not the prey.
D. One organism benefits while the other is
unaffected.
Commensalism
A. Benefits both organisms.
B. Benefits one organism at the expense of the
other.
C. Benefits the predator but not the prey.
D. One organism benefits while the other is
unaffected.