Download A SEARCH FOR SPICES

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Conquistador wikipedia, lookup

Voyages of Christopher Columbus wikipedia, lookup

Treaty of Tordesillas wikipedia, lookup

Age of Discovery wikipedia, lookup

Spice trade wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
 Hook Video
AGE OF EXPLORATION
1400 - 1800
REASONS FOR EUROPEAN
EXPLORATION

European demand
for gold, spices,
natural resources

Support for
diffusion (spread)
of Christianity

Political &
economic
competition
between European
empires
WHY ARE SPICES IMPORTANT?
Europeans want spices
 preserve & improve food,
make medicine, cosmetics
& perfumes


“SPICE ISLANDS” –
East Indies (present
day Indonesia,
Malaysia &
New Guinea), & India
WHERE DO THE SPICES GO?
Video 

Muslims/Arabs trade spices,
with Italians, then…

Italian traders get spices & travel west across
Mediterranean to sell for 40x original price!

Portugal & Spain seek new route to Asia  no
more Muslim middlemen (Ottomans)
REMEMBER: 3 G’s and a T

MAIN REASONS FOR
EXPLORATION
GOLD: some seek
riches/power

GLORY: Some want to learn
about new people/ideas &
take credit

GOD: some want to spread
Christianity

TECHNOLOGY: made
voyages possible
TECHNOLOGY: MERCATOR
PROJECTION

Cartographers
make maps

New kind of map
that showed true
direction
(latitude/longitude)
TECHNOLOGY: ASTROLABE

Used to determine
latitude at sea

Originally used by
Ancient Greeks,
then improved by
Muslims

Brass circle w/
adjustable rings 
sights stars for
direction
TECHNOLOGY: CARAVEL

larger, faster, & more
maneuverable

Multiple masts,
triangular sails & new
kind of rudder enabled
sailors to steer into the
wind

Cannons on side
Video
TECHNOLOGY: COMPASS

Magnetic

First developed by
Chinese &
Europeans
improved it for
sailing
WHO STARTS SAILING FIRST?
 PORTUGAL
leads the way
 Prince Henry (“the Navigator”)
 builds school for navigators,
cartographers & explorers
 sponsored voyages along west coast of
Africa  searching for route to Asia for
spices & gold from Africa
Video (stop at 4 min) 
BARTOLOMEU DIAS

rounded southern tip of
Africa  Cape of Good
Hope
(they were hopeful they
would find a route to
Asia; good “hope” they
were still alive)

Got beaten up by a
storm & had to go back
VASCO DA GAMA

1497 - sails around Cape of Good Hope
all the way to Calicut, India

buys spices (like pepper & cinnamon) &
sells them at 4,000X the original price!
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

Spain joins the race! Hires Columbus
(Italian) to sail west hoping to hit EAST
INDIES

Instead reached WEST INDIES
(Bahamas off Florida)

But thought he reached Asia  tensions
growing between Spain & Portugal
MORE ON COLUMBUS

Made several more
voyages through
Caribbean islands

Wrote King
Ferdinand & Queen
Isabella (Spain) that
native people, the
Tainos, were easy
to convert &
enslave
Video 
Discovery of America Videos
The Mutiny video:
http://www.history.com/topics/exploration/christophercolumbus/videos/columbus-faces-down-the-mutinouscrew?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=fals
e

In a nutshell video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7HxCsPho34&in
dex=8&list=PLA4RH8KVy9m7QvjHxif8bDzQ8QtG01n
eG

The Real Story of Columbus video
http://www.history.com/topics/exploration/christophercolumbus/videos/christopher-columbus-man-and-myth

FERDINAND MAGELLAN

In search of westward route to “Spice Islands”

1519 – reaches water passage at southern tip
of South America (Strait of Magellan)

Connects to Pacific Ocean & his crew
CIRCUMNAVIGATES the globe

He dies in Philippines

Out of 237 men, only 18 make it home
JACQUES CARTIER

1534 French explorer

Reached a gulf off east coast of Canada

Led to a river he named
“St. Lawrence” & he
followed it inland to
Mont Royal (Montreal)

Helped to start New France
SIR FRANCIS DRAKE

1580’s English captain

Raided Spanish ships & colonies
Eventually leads British
navy to victory over
Spanish Armada in 1588

NATIONALISM

The Dutch
(Netherlands) create a
bustling trading empire
throughout Indian ocean

Pride in your country

Driving force behind competition for exploration

Colonies set up in newly conquered lands to
establish control (harsh)

All leads to decimation of indigenous (native)
peoples
Music Videos
Discovering America
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XWY50m
H5awQ

I Can’t Wait to Colonize
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QsyEGQ
mcmzE
I’m Spanish and I Know It
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EnAxX5Ic
OOI