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Python
 Monty or Snake?
Monty?
 Spam, spam, spam and eggs
 Dead parrots
 Eric Idle, John Cleese, Michael Palin, etc.
Why Python
 Sysadmin acceptance
 Right structures and system access
 Obj-orient, and OS access
 Interpret or compile?
 Popularity trend

Outcomes
 Explain Python rationale
import this # for the Zen of python
 Code in Python – for sysadmin
 Command line (Python vs. Ipython
 Python IDE (Eclipse/pydev – discuss)
 Access Python Resources
Style
 Perl:
 There is more than one way to do it
 (TIMTOWTDI)
 Python:
 There should be one– and preferably only one –obvious
way to do it – Zen of Python
 Although that way may not be obvious at first unless
you’re Dutch
 “clever” is NOT a compliment in Python
Prepare to code!
 Python is built into Linux and OS X. Easy to install in Win
 Python at command line
 SDK: install Eclipse and Pydev
 If you want Ipython in Ubuntu …
 Look for Synaptic Package Manager (admin)
 Search & install ipython
Lets Python
 Open a terminal
 Start ipython
 In [1]:
 Spam=6+2 ⏎
 print spam ⏎
Example
Import more.py in ipython
 syntax (indentation)
 loops, variables, data types, modules
(library)
Python Characteristics
 Multi-paradigm: structure- supported but not enforced
 Object Oriented (objects, methods etc.)
 Structured programming (a’ la Pascal)
 functional programming etc. (evaluate fns, avoid
states)
 dynamic (but strong) typing and name resolution
 syntax (indentation)
 command line development
 Python vs. IPython
Why IPython
 Many reasons, see ch 2 is Linux Admin text
 PLULSA by Gift and Jones
 OS commands like ls and pwd and cd work in IPython but
not in regular Python command-line
Libraries of modules
 Access Libraries of modules. EG. the sys library
 import sys
 dir(sys)
 sys.__doc__
 Use the following example
Use a combination of IPython
and Eclipse
 Try out ideas in Ipython
 If it doesn’t work on command line it won’t work work in a
.py script file.
 Then create the code in Eclipse
‘more’ demo

# A simple version of a 'more' function. R. Helps 2010, edited from a "Programming
Python" example
# Call this function with more(text_string)
# Not an example of excellent code style. Done to show several aspects of Python
def more(text, numlines=15):
lines = text.split('\n')
# split the text string into separate strings at the newline
# .split method (function) defined for text objects.
print lines
# just for debug. See that the text string has been split
count = 0
while lines:
# loop through all the text strings
# Notice the ':' and the (lack of) parentheses and the (strict) indentation
chunk = lines[:numlines] # the :number 'slices' off a chunk
# slice notation for text strings textstring[a:b]
# omitting 'a' defaults to 0 (beginning of string)
# omitting 'b' defaults to end-of-string
lines = lines[numlines:]
for line in chunk:
count+=1
# count the lines we print
print count,': ', line
if lines and raw_input('More? ') not in ['y', 'Y']:
# raw_input reads as text
break
print '===== End text======= Count=', count
Comments
 Demo only intended as a discussion of features, not
programming style
 Many more library modules
 See library link for more
 Try some of these .
 Use dir(module) and
 module.__DOC__ with your new more()
Scripting Philosophy
 Create a small working core and then add features
 Bad practice for large programs
 Try out each idea on the command line first
 If you can’t make ‘adduser’ work on the command line, it
will never work in Python
Now do the tutorial
 Tutorial http://docs.python.org/tutorial/
 Ch 3-7
 Also see the if __name__ == ‘__main__’ trick here
Assignments
 HW: Work through the tutorial
The Zen of Python
 Beautiful is better than ugly.
Explicit is better than implicit.
Simple is better than complex.
Complex is better than complicated.
Flat is better than nested.
Sparse is better than dense.
Readability counts.
Special cases aren’t special enough to break the rules.
Although practicality beats purity.
Errors should never pass silently.
Unless explicitly silenced.
In the face of ambiguity, refuse the temptation to guess.
There should be one– and preferably only one –obvious way to do it.
Although that way may not be obvious at first unless you’re Dutch.
Now is better than never.
Although never is often better than *right* now.
If the implementation is hard to explain, it’s a bad idea.
If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a good idea.
Namespaces are one honking great idea — let’s do more of those!