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• The baths have existed in Roman life since the 2nd century BC and
were initially for men only.
• Romans also looked to Greece for ideas. Greeks had had modest
baths as did other civilizations. Referred to the "Great Bath" at
Mohenjo-Daro in modern Pakistan date from 2500 BC.
• Greeks had small pools, tubs, footbaths and even a form of
shower. But the Romans took all these ideas to develop an
architectural marvel. Looking at baths from previous
cultures, they added various areas for sports and exercise
and created huge monuments with a form of central
• By 33 BC there were 170 baths, public and private in Rome
alone. As the empire grew bathing places became more and
more luxurious.
• By the end of the first century huge private and public
baths had been built. Martial referred to them as thermae.
• The daily bath had became a social occasion. The increase
in the numbers of baths in dramatic. By the end of the 4th
century, there were 11 public baths and 926 private baths in
Rome alone. The bath of Diocletian, built in 305 AD could
hold over 3000 bathers.
A tour of a Caracalla the bath….
The outside of Caracalla 
• The arches on the outside of the bath..
• Some bath tiles of the bath..
• A statue at the bath..
• The entrance to the roman bath..
• It was very cheap to use a Roman bath. A visitor, after paying his entrance
fee, would strip naked and hand his clothes to an attendant.
• He could then do some exercising to work up a sweat before moving into
the tepidarium. The idea, as with a sauna, was for the sweat to get rid of
the body's dirt.
• After this a slave would rub olive oil into the visitor's skin and then scrap it
off with a strigil. After this, the visitor would return to the tepidarium and
then to frigidarium to cool down. Finally, he could use the main pool for a
swim or to generally socialize.Bathing was very important to the Ancient
Romans as it served many functions.