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Foundations: Ch1 Study Guide
NAME: ____________________________
The Ancient World (Ch. 1)
...is about exploring the technological and agricultural transitions from hunting and gathering societies to
the first civilizations.
Overarching Ideas:




Humans need to adapt to environments has necessitated technological innovation.
Economic conditions and religion are key components in legitimizing or undermining government.
Ever intensifying trade is a powerful force for social and political change.
Social inequality is source of conflict yet ever-present in civilizations.
Objectives:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Analyze issues of periodization.
Analyze the characteristics of civilization.
Analyze the impact of agriculture on human history.
Compare the role of women before and after the invention of agriculture.
Compare two river valley civilizations.
Key Concepts:
Explain the definition, role, and significance of…
Prehistory
Neolithic Revolution
Bronze Age
Civilization
Barbarian
Nomads
Mesopotamia
Sumerians
Cuneiform
City-states
Hammurabi’s code
Egypt
Pharaoh
Hieroglyphics
Shang China
Ideographic
Nile River
Egypt
Indus River
Harappa
Huanghe River
Yangtze River
Shang China
Key Places:
Locate on the maps…
Mesopotamia
Tigris & Euphrates Rivers
Sumer
Mediterranean Sea
Key Events / Dates:
Place on the timeline chronologically…
Neolithic revolution
Development of bronze
Development of the wheel
Development of Cuneiform
Rise of river valley civilizations
Decline of river valley civilizations
Development of iron
Agriculture in Mesopotamia
Domestication of Animals in Mesopotamia
Sumerian rule
Babylonian rule
Rise of Judaism
Egyptian rule
Agriculture in China
Domestication of Animals in China
Shang rule
Guided Timeline:
Mesopotamia
Egypt
China
10,000
9,000
8000 BCE
65005000
5500
40003000
35002000
20001500
31001000
1500
1200
1000 BCE
15001029