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Risk and Opportunities Analysis Tool - Issue Area: Environment and Public Health / 1
ISSUE: ENVIRONMENT & PUBLIC HEALTH
Standard, Version 1
Bank-financed activities should
avoid
adverse
effects
on
biodiversity.
If
the
project/program
involves
environmental
resources
or
services, it should advance
protection for natural habitats and
forests. The project or program
must respect areas that contain
globally, regionally, or nationally
significant concentrations
of
biodiversity values or endemism;
are in or contain rare, threatened,
or
endangered
ecosystems;
provide
essential
ecological
functions; and are important for
meeting the basic needs of local
communities or are critical to
local
communities’
cultural
identity.
Standard, Version 2
Bank and borrower shall take all
necessary measures to avoid
negative impacts on areas that
contain globally, regionally or
nationally
significant
concentrations of biodiversity
values that are in or contain rare,
threatened,
or
endangered
ecosystems; provide essential
ecological functions; and are
important for meeting the basic
needs of local communities or are
critical to local communities’
cultural identity.
Projects or
programs
involving
natural
resources, environmental services
or
with an environmental
footprint, should seek to conserve
biodiversity,
maintain
and
enhance the benefits of ecosystem
services, and promote sustainable
management of living natural
resources.
Risk Indicator Questions
1. Project/Program Area and Contextual Risks.
Trigger: All projects/programs to answer these questions.
1.1 In the project/program area, are there areas of threatened or
endemic species, or those of cultural, religious importance,
particularly to indigenous peoples or local communities, women or
marginalized and/or vulnerable groups?
1.2 Are there problems of poaching or trade in endangered species in
the project/program area?
1.3 Is there a national law protecting the biodiversity of the
project/program area? Is it enforced adequately? Did the
BHRC Draft - Sept 2015
SUB-ISSUE: BIODIVERSITY
Reference Note and Materials
explaining content of standard/right
Critical habitats are areas with high
biodiversity value, including any of the
following features: (i) habitat of significant
importance to Critically Endangered and/or
Endangered species; (ii) habitat of significant
importance to endemic and/or restricted-range
species; (iii) habitat supporting globally
significant concentrations of migratory species
and/or congregatory species; (iv) highly
threatened and/or unique ecosystems; and/or (v)
areas associated with key evolutionary
processes. Critical habitats include those areas
that are (i) legally protected, (ii) officially
proposed for protection, (ii) identified by
authoritative sources for their high conservation
value (such as areas that meet criteria of the
World Conservation Union classification, the
Ramsar List of Wetlands of International
Importance, and the United Nations Scientific
and Cultural Organization’s world heritage
sites), or (iv) recognized as protected by
traditional local communities.

UNDP
Social
and
Environmental
Standards

CBD
Voluntary Guidelines
on
Biodiversity-Inclusive Impact Assessment
Impact Assessment Indicator Questions






Source of Law or Practice
from which standard is derived
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Art
25
International Covenant on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights Art 12
Convention on Biological Diversity
CITES
Akwe Kon Guidelines
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Data Sources to Answer Indicator Questions
How will this risk impact the project/program?
How can the project/program contribute to this
need?
UNEP, CITES, UNDP, Akwe Kon Guidelines
How will this risk impact the project/program?
How can the project/program contribute to this
need?
How will this risk impact the project/program?
How can the project/program contribute to this
NGO reports, CITES reports
National legislation, UNEP, Project documents,
National environmental entity requirements.
Risk and Opportunities Analysis Tool - Issue Area: Environment and Public Health / 2
project/program require environmental permitting and was the
process vigorous?
2. Project/Program Direct Risks.
Trigger: Will the project/program have a physical footprint or
involve environmental services or natural resources, or related
programs or policies? If Yes, …
2.1 Could the project/program impact environmentally sensitive
areas or areas of high biodiversity?
2.2 Could the project/program impact areas of threatened or endemic
species, or those of cultural, religious importance, particularly
to Indigenous Peoples or local communities, women or
marginalized and/or vulnerable groups?
2.3 Could the project/program impact habitat or species loss,
including through degradation and fragmentation, invasive alien
species, hydrological changes, overexploitation, nutrient loading,
or pollution?
2.4 Does the implementing entity have the demonstrated capacity to
implement projects/programs in compliance with this standard?
Are there opportunities to build capacity in this area?
need?
For each question, answer: What impacts will
be felt by different groups? How will adverse
impacts be prevented or mitigated? How will
opportunities for benefits be realized?
How will the project/program impact
environmentally sensitive areas or areas of
high biodiversity?
How will the project/program impact areas of
threatened or endemic species, or those of
cultural, religious importance, particularly to
Indigenous Peoples or local communities,
women or marginalized and/or vulnerable
groups?
How could the project/program impact habitat
or species loss, including through degradation
and fragmentation, invasive alien species,
hydrological changes, overexploitation, nutrient
loading, or pollution?
Does the implementing entity have the
demonstrated
capacity
to
implement
projects/programs in compliance with this
standard? How will the project/program address
capacity needs and make use of capacity building
opportunities?
Project/Program Indirect Risks.
Trigger: All projects/programs to answer these questions. If Yes, proceed to Direct Risk questions
3.1 Could the project/program impact the public budget or increase the
debt burden of the country such that environmental programs or
budgets may be impacted?
3.2 Could the project/program impact land or resource use?
Project documents
Project documents,
Convention
UNDP,
CBD,
Ramsar
CITES, UNEP, Akwe Kon Guidelines
Project documents and National entities, NGO
reports
3
1.1 Could the project/program affect demand for or use of threatened
or endemic species, or those of cultural, religious importance,
particularly to Indigenous Peoples or local communities, women,
or marginalized and/or vulnerable groups?
Project documents, National Programs and Plans.
Project documents, National and local land
registries and permitting agencies.
Project documents, Akwe Kon Guidelines, CBD
Guidelines
YOU CAN PROVIDE FEEDBACK 3 DIFFERENT WAYS:
1) USE TRACK CHANGES OR FILL OUT THE FORM BELOW AND EMAIL IT TO [email protected] OR
2) FILL OUT AN ONLINE SURVEY OR
3) EMAIL US TO SCHEDULE A CALL
BHRC Draft - Sept 2015
Risk and Opportunities Analysis Tool - Issue Area: Environment and Public Health / 3
Name: _______________________________ Organization: _______________________________ Email: _______________________________
GENERAL FEEDBACK
1. Do you have suggestions on the breakdown of Issue Areas or Sub-Issues or suggestions for consolidation? ___________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Any suggestions on the general phrasing of standard or indicator questions? ____________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Other general comments? ____________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
ISSUE AREA FEEDBACK
Issue Area: ENVIRONMENT & PUBLIC HEALTH
Sub-Issue: BIODIVERSITY
Standard: Do you prefer Version 1 or Version 2? _______________________________
Explanation or edit: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Reference note: Comment, additions, or edits: __________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Indicator Questions and Data Sources:
Question Comment on Risk Indicator Question Comment on Impact Assessment Question
Number
BHRC Draft - Sept 2015
Comment on Data Sources