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Control techniques for Wildlife
The problem
• When wildlife damage is a recurring problem, a
landowner, property manager or occupant may want to
consider altering their property to discourage its
attractiveness to wildlife. Geese, for instance, can be
deterred by certain landscaping configurations. Where
gardens attract rabbits, groundhogs, and deer, the
landowner may want to consider constructing a fence.
Fences are a long-term and relatively inexpensive
solution. An unprotected garden will continue to attract
wildlife. Many people choose to use non-toxic chemical
repellants. While these are effective in many cases,
repellents are temporary, require frequent reapplication
and are often expensive.
Most common solution
• In many cases, people will encounter a
particularly troublesome animal: a skunk
under the porch or an aggressive
groundhog. In cases like these, the most
effective method of control may be the
removal of the animal. The most common
method of removal involves destroying or
relocating the animal.
Animal Problems
• Animals not only cause predation
problems on livestock, they also cause
damage to property and person.
• The size of problem can be minor to major.
Pests can be ants to beavers to grizzly
bears. Different techniques can be used
for removal or destruction of the animals.
Techniques and their evolution
• Techniques evolve over time. Sometimes
there are a variety of techniques to solve
the same problem.
• The solution listed below are a general
solution to predation/nuisance problems.
• Techniques used to be shoot and bury.
Now, things are more complicated and
more non lethal solutions exist.
Examples of Control techniques for
specific species
• Bears – Both black and grizzlies. Dogs,
live trapping, foot snares (Aldrich snares),
rubber bullets, bear mace, fencing,
shooting and relocation.
• Bobcat and lynx – Dogs, snares, calling
and shooting, leg hold traps, and aircraft
Bear situation in Florida
Leg hold traps
Rubber bullets, bean bags rounds
• Fencing specific areas, den hunting,
calling and shooting, aircraft, snares, M44’s and leg hold traps.
Coyotes, Foxes, Wolves
• Fencing certain areas, den hunting, calling and
shooting, aircraft snares, M-44’s and leg hold
traps, guard dogs and neck snares.
• They are able to use leg hold traps, which they
only check every three days.
• Many animals will chew their own legs off to
escape these traps and later die of their injuries.
Livestock penning, guard dogs,
cracker shells
• If only small herds of animals exist, you
may pen the animal. This works well
unless the predator gets into the pen.
• Guard dogs are used in this area for
sheep; mostly they are Great Pyrenees.
• Cracker shells are used to scare canines
when they enter areas of livestock.
However, animals quickly become
habituated to this.
Great Pyrenees