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EAL Nexus Resource
Life processes
Reference booklet
Subject:
Science
Age group:
12 – 14, 15 - 16
Topic:
Cells, organs and life processes
© Bell Educational Trust 2016
EAL Nexus – free downloadable teaching materials https://eal.britishcouncil.org/
This resource was originally developed by Z. Davies and has been adapted for EAL Nexus.
Glossary
movement
reproduction
sensitivity
growth
respiration
excretion
nutrition
seeds
react
respond
energy
oxygen
carbon dioxide
get rid of
waste
The seven life processes are
carried out by all living things
(= plants and animals)
Movement
Reproduction
Sensitivity
Mrs Gren
will help!
Growth
Respiration
Excretion
Nutrition
Movement is…
…going from one place
to another.
Animals move
their whole body
from one place to
another.
Leaves turn towards
the light. Roots
grow down into the
soil.
Reproduction is …
…producing new plants or animals.
.
Animals (and
people) have babies.
New plants grow from
seeds
Sensitivity is …
…how plants and animals react and
respond to what is happening
around them.
Animals have 5
senses: sight,
hearing, smell, taste
and touch.
Plants react to
light, water and
gravity.
Growth is …
… increasing in size and getting older.
Animal babies
grow into adults.
Seedlings grow into bigger plants.
Respiration is…
…plants and animals making energy,
so they are active and alive.
Plants and animals
use oxygen from the
air to help turn food
into energy.
Respiration doesn’t only mean
breathing!
Excretion is …
… getting rid of waste.
Animals excrete
(= get rid of)
waste food.
Plants and animals both excrete
(= get rid of) carbon dioxide.
Nutrition is…
…taking in (= eating) food.
Food is needed to supply energy.
Green plants can make
their own food using
sunlight, carbon
dioxide and water.
Animals eat plants
or other animals.
Image attributions
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Cheetah: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cheetah_chase.jpg By Hein
waschefort (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bysa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Sunflower: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_perception_(physiology) By
Hans-Joachim Fitting [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Parents and baby: http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/viewimage.php?image=11263 By Vera Kratochvil via public domain pictures.net
Germination: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germination Created by user
{{GFDL}}{{cc-by-sa-2.0}} via Wikimedia Commons
Cat chasing mouse: https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/82027206
By Vorstlus. Public domain via Flikr
Dandelion clock: https://pixabay.com/en/dandelion-spring-meadow-1380916/
Public domain via Pixabay
Elephant and baby:
https://www.goodfreephotos.com/animals/mammals/animal-elephant-andbayby.jpg.php Photo via <a href="https://www.goodfreephotos.com/">Good
Free Photos</a>
Seedling: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato By Dennis Brown (Own work)
[CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL
(http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons
Tomato plant: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_culture By Jolly Janner (Own
work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Sunflower and sun: https://www.flickr.com/photos/jams_123/955698710 By
James Rickwood creative commons via Flikr with permission to re-use.
Child on toilet: https://www.flickr.com/photos/jbird/19650368/ By thejbird
public domain via Flikr
Plant nutrition: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosynthesis By At09kg (Own
work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via
Wikimedia Commons
Bear eating fish:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brown_bear_eating_fish_in_river.jpg
By Steve Hillebrand, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [Public domain], via
Wikimedia Commons
Mrs Gren: https://pixabay.com/en/teacher-female-college-student-1280966/ By
Jerry Kimbrell public domain via Pixabay