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“Trashketball” Review: Ethnic and
Religious Groups of the Middle East
What is an ethnic group?
What is an ethnic group?
• An ethnic group is a group of
people who share cultural ideas
that have been part of their
community for generations.
What are the 3 main ethnic
groups in the Middle East?
What are the 3 main ethnic
groups in the Middle East?
•Arab, Persian, and Kurd
MOST members of the Arab
ethnic group practice what
religion?
MOST members of the Arab
ethnic group practice what
religion?
• Islam
What is a religious group?
What is a religious group?
• A group of people who share a
belief system in a particular god or
gods, with a specific set of rituals
and sacred text (holy book).
What is the largest ethnic group
in the Middle East/
Southwest Asia?
What is the largest ethnic group
in the Middle East/
Southwest Asia?
• Arab
Which word makes the sentence
below correct?
Members of the same ethnic group
never / sometimes / always practice
the same religion.
Which word makes the sentence
below correct?
Members of the same ethnic group
never / sometimes / always practice
the same religion.
Which religion do MOST people
in the Middle East practice?
Which religion do MOST people
in the Middle East practice?
• Islam
List the 3 major monotheistic
religions in chronological order
from oldest to youngest.
List the 3 major monotheistic
religions in chronological order
from oldest to youngest.
• First: Judaism
• Second: Christianity
• Third: Islam
True or False.
A person cannot be a member of
both an ethnic group and a
religious group.
True or False.
A person cannot be a member of
both an ethnic group and a
religious group.
• FALSE
What can members of an ethnic
group share in common? Share 4
things.
What can members of an ethnic
group share in common? Share 4
things.
Language
Food
Music
Non- Religious holidays
Stories
Which religion(s) are the 10
Commandments important to?
Which religion(s) are the 10
Commandments important to?
• Judaism and Christianity
Which religious figure is
important to all 3 monotheistic
religions of the Middle East?
Which religious figure is
important to all 3 monotheistic
religions of the Middle East?
• Abraham
Give 3 of the Five Pillars of
Islam.
Give 3 of the Five Pillars of
Islam.
• Faith: believe that there is only one god
(Allah)
• Prayer: five daily prayers, facing Mecca
• Charity: giving money to the poor
• Fasting: Ramadan (September) month of
fasting
• Pilgrimage: at least one journey to Mecca in
a lifetime
Name the founder of Judaism.
Name the founder of Judaism.
• Abraham
What does monotheistic mean?
What does monotheistic mean?
• The belief in ONLY ONE God
Which religion was the first
monotheistic religion?
Which religion was the first
monotheistic religion?
• Judaism
What is the holy book (sacred)
text for Islam?
What is the holy book (sacred)
text for Islam?
• Koran (Qur’an)
Who is the founder of Islam?
Who is the founder of Islam?
• Mohammad
What do members of a religious
group share in common? List 3
things.
What do members of a religious
group share in common? List 3
things.
• Same holy book, founder, holy
places, places of worship, and main
beliefs (laws or guidelines)
What are the followers of
Christianity called?
What are the followers of
Christianity called?
• Christians
What does polytheistic mean?
What does polytheistic mean?
• The belief in MORE THAN ONE
God
What are the two major groups of
Islam?
What are the two major groups of
Islam?
• Sunni and Shia
Who is the founder of
Christianity?
Who is the founder of
Christianity?
• Jesus
What are the followers of Islam
called?
What are the followers of Islam
called?
• Muslims
What are the holy book(s)
(sacred) text for Judaism?
What are the holy book(s)
(sacred) text for Judaism?
• Torah
• Talmud
Who is considered the first
monotheistic person?
Who is considered the first
monotheistic person?
• Abraham
What are the holy book(s)
(sacred) text for Christianity?
What are the holy book(s)
(sacred) text for Christianity?
• The Holy Bible
What major disagreement caused
Islam to split into 2 separate
groups?
What major disagreement caused
Islam to split into 2 separate
groups?
• Who was going to lead the Muslim
world after Mohammad died.
Who did Sunni Muslims think
should lead the Muslim world?
Who did Sunni Muslims think
should lead the Muslim world?
• Sunni Muslims believe that the
leader of the Muslim world should
be elected by vote.
Who did Shia Muslims think
should lead the Muslim world?
Who did Shia Muslims think
should lead the Muslim world?
• Sunni Muslims believe that the
leader of the Muslim world should
be a descendent of Mohammad.
FINAL JEOPARDY!
• Take out 1 sheet of paper and put
your group number at the very top.
• You may bet some or all of your
points on this final question.
FINAL JEOPARDY!
• Describe 4 ways in which Judaism,
Christianity, and Islam are all
similar.
FINAL JEOPARDY!
• 1. All are monotheistic
• 2. All see Abraham as a patriarch
(founding father)
• 3. All consider Jerusalem is considered
a holy place
• 4. All have a sacred text, place of
worship, and main beliefs.