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Geography Ancient Land of Of Ancient Egyptian The Pharaohs Egypt Civilization Daily life In Ancient Egypt Vocabulary 1pt 1 pt 1 pt 1pt 1 pt 2 pt 2 pt 2pt 2pt 2 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 4 pt 4 pt 4pt 4 pt 4pt 5pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt On what continent is the Nile River Valley? Africa What new technology came about because of the Nile River? For 1 Extra Point: What was this new technology used for? Irrigation and it was used for farming. Describe the irrigation methods used by the Ancient Egyptians? Some of the irrigation methods used by Ancient Egyptians are: watering land by means of canals or pipes and digging canals. Name 3 ways the people of Ancient Egypt used the Nile River? The 3 ways the people of Ancient Egypt used the Nile River are for drinking, for irrigating crops and use as a travel route. How did the Ancient Egyptians turn the Nile into a “highway”? The Ancient Egyptians developed boats. Who was the undisputed head of Egypt? For 1 Extra Point: What does it mean? The Pharaoh was head of Egypt and it refers to “the great palace” in which the rulers lived. Later, it became the name given to all the rulers of Egypt. Who unified Ancient Egypt? For 1 Extra Point: Describe what he did to the two crowns and what color were they? Menes unified Ancient Egypt. The two crowns were called the Red Crown (Upper Egypt) and the White Crown (Lower Egypt) which turned into the Double Crown. What role did hieroglyphics play in Egypt? It gave the government a way to communicate to all parts of Egypt. How would you describe the role the Pharaoh played in Egypt? The Pharaoh was the major power in government, religion, and the economy. What was the greatest achievement of this period ? For 1 Extra Point: Name the person who order it built? The greatest achievement would be the construction of the Great Pyramid. It was ordered to be built by the Pharaoh Khufu. Who was the “Queen who was King”? Hatshepsut, she was the first female ruler! Who did the Egyptians lose Lower Egypt to and how long did it take Egypt to regain their land back? For 1 Extra Point: By what means/methods did the Egyptians get their land back? The Egyptians lost their land to the Hyksos and it took the Egyptians 100 years to get it back. The Egyptians learned from their mistakes and fought the Hyksos with horses, chariots, strong bronze weapons and bows and arrows. Explain Hatshepsut’s expedition and why would she do it? Hatshepsut’s expedition was to Punt. This expanded trading in which Egypt got new ideas, goods, and technology. Why was Nubia important? Nubia important because it was very rich with gold. Why is the discovery of King Tutankhamun’s Tomb important? For 2 Extra Points: Name some of the items that was discovered in the tomb? The discovery of King Tutankhamun’s Tomb was important because it was the first tomb discovered that was almost totally intact. It gave historians a better picture of how the Egyptian people buried their Pharaoh and a how the afterlife was important part of their religion. What is a Social Pyramid? For 8 Extra Points: Name all 8 Classes. A Social Pyramid is a diagram illustrating the divisions within a culture; usually showing the most powerful person or group at the top peak and the least powerful groups at the bottom. The 8 classes were: slaves (bottom), farmers, artisans, merchants, scribes, soldiers, government officials and pharaoh (top). What kind of work did the slaves do? The slaves did much of the hardest and dirtiest work. What different varieties of workers labored on Egypt’s big farms? They were farmers, herders, bakers, brewers, brickmakers, and variety of craftworkers. Why was the farmer’s work “never done”? Even when the back-breaking work of planting and harvesting was finished, farmers still had to labor for the government on public projects. What does the “Gift of the Nile” mean? The “Gift of the Nile” means if it was not for the longest river in the world the Ancient Egyptians would not have any means of work and travel. The Nile’s floods gave water to the crops so Egypt could flourish. Define: Slavery The practice of one person owning another person. Define: Empire An empire is a group of lands and people ruled by one government. What is an expedition? An expedition is a group of people who go on a trip for a set reason. Hieroglyphics are…….. The Ancient Egyptian system of writing that used symbols to stand for objects, ideas, or sounds. The economy of a country is…. the way its people manage money and resources for the production of goods and services.