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Michigan’s Wildlife Melanie Stoughton Water Quality Technician St. Joseph Conservation District Partnership between: Wildlife What Do These Species Have in Common? They are all either Threatened, Endangered, or a Candidate for the Endangered Species List Endangered Species List-Terms Candidate: plants and animals which FWS (Fish and Wildlife Service) proposed added to Federal Endangered and Threatened Species list Critical Habitat:specific geographic areas whether occupied by list species or not that are determined to be essential for the conservation and management of listed species and that have been formally described in the Federal Registry Endangered Species List-Terms Threatened: plant or animal that is likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Endangered: plant or animal that is in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range. Bald Eagle-Threatened Habitat Aquatic, forested shorelines Second largest bird in North America Why Threatened? Historic: DDT Current: Loss of nesting habitat due to development. Indiana Bat-Endangered Habitat Why Endangered? Vulnerable to disturbance. Cave Commercialization Habitat Loss/Degradation Pesticides Copperbelly Water Snake- Threatened Habitat Lowland swamps, warm quiet waters. Why Threatened? Habitat Loss/Degradation Collection Predation Eastern Massasauga- Candidate Habitat Wet prairies, marshes, low areas along lakes and rivers. Why a Candidate? Eradication out of fear. Habitat Loss Mitchell’s Satyr-Endangered Habitat Fens, wetlands with high carbonate containing soils. Why Endangered? Habitat Loss/Degradation Pesticides and other pollutants. Butterfly collectors For an updated list, look at the US Fish & Wildlife Service’s database - www.fws.gov/endangered/ Federally Listed Species in Michigan Mammals Grey Wolf Canada Lynx Northern Long-Eared Bat Indiana Bat Kirtland’s Warbler Piping Plover Red Knot Reptiles Copperbelly Watersnake Insects Birds Hine’s Emerald Dragonfly Hungerford’s Crawling Water Beetle Karner Blue Butterfly Mitchell’s Satyr Poweshiek Skipperling Mussels Clubshell Northern Riffleshell Rayed Bean Snuffbox Federally Listed Species in Michigan Plants American Hart’s Tongue Fern Dwarf Lake Iris Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid Houghton’s Goldenrod Lakeside Daisy Michigan Monkey Flower Pitcher’s Thistle Small Whorled Pogonia What are we doing to save these species? Recovery Priority Outline Plan Habitat Restoration Education/Outreach Questions?