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Areas of Puszcza Biała
belonging to the
‘Natura 2000’
Puszcza Biała – forest complex between Pułtusk
and Ostrów Mazowiecka. Part of Nizina
Mazowiecka. Dominated by pines (over 90%).
The acreage of this area is approx. 85 000
hectares (approx. 850 km2), including approx.
51 000 hectares of forests (approx.. 510 km2).
21,5% of them are private.
The areas of the ‘Natura 2000’ belong to the
Pan-European network of restricted areas, import
from the point of view of the whole European
The aim of the activities of the European
network of protected areas ‘Natura 2000’ is to
stop the extinction of endangered plants and
animals and the protect biodiversity in Europe.
There are two types of areas of the ‘Natura
2000’ network:
Areas of bird’s special protection (OSO),
designated to protect the population of wild
Areas of habitats’ special protection (SOO),
protecting the natural habitats and species of
plants and animals
The area of the special care of birds Nature 2000
„Puszcza Biała”
The area covers the largest massive group/territory of
forests of Puszcza Biała, situated in the Narew and Bug
rivers delta. The region includes mainly forest areas.
Among the 11 birds species considered to be protected
as many as 9 is placed In the appendix of the First
Birds Directive.
The protected species are forest species (Black stork,
Falco subbuteo, goatsucker, black woodpecker) as well
as species living in the mosaic countryside landscape
(Montagu's harrier, hoopie, gander) and species that
can be found in the wet meadows (corncrake) and in the
sandy fields or fallows (woodlark). For the woodlarks
this area is the main place to survive.
The area of the special care of birds Nature 2000
„Dolina Dolnego Bugu”
The area covers about 260 km section of the river Bug
valley from the river Krzyna mouth to the Zegrzyńskie
Lake. Most of the territory of the valley cover dry,
extensively using pasture. The swamp areas are located
mostly at rivers mouths, river Bug tributary and around
other fragments old riverbeds. The Bug’s riverbed
hasn’t almost been changed by humans. The sand islands,
naked or overgrown willow or poplar trees remained
there; along the river there are well developed
willow’s scrubs. There can be found at least 22 species
of birds from the First Birds Directive and 6 species
from the Polish Red Book. The place is considered a
very important refuge for swamp-water birds.
The area of the special care of birds Nature 2000
„Dolina Dolnej Narwi”
The area is located between Łomża and Pułtusk – the
length of the river current is about 140 km and the
wideness of the valley varies from 1,5 to 7 km. The
river strongly meanders at almost all its length. The
river’s edges are generally steep with the current
wideness 80-100 m. There are also many oxbow lakes.
Willow and alder trees occur in valley as well as small
areas of the pine forests. The forest areas are
interspersed with open areas, where pastures dominate.
There are at least 35 birds species from the First
Birds Directive and 19 species from the Polish Red
Book. This is a very important refuge for swamp-water
birds, especially in their hutch period.
Habitats’ Special Protection Area of the
‘Natura 2000’ ‘Ostoja Nadbużańska’
A natural valley of a large river.
Particularly valuable is the riverside
complex of forests with preserved natural
character and a number of meadows and
associated with damp habitats, typically
made on large acreages. 16 types of
habitat in this region are in annex of
1st Council Directive 92/43/EWG. Here
there are 21 species of 2nd annex of
Council Directive 92/43/EWG. This is the
one of the most important areas for the
protection of fish fauna in Poland.
Habitats’ Special Protection Area of the ‘Natura 2000’
‘Bagno Pulwy’
This area includes a vast complex of meadow-swampy
valley lying between the Narew and the Puszcza Biała.
Dominated by a relatively intensively used hay meadows
or pastures. The southern part of the study area occupy
about half of the total area (between Rząśnik,
Porządzie and Sieczychy), it was a vast and almost
treeless, relatively intensively used hay meadows. The
northern part is a mosaic of meadows, pastures, fields,
overgrown pits, small pine groves and farm buildings.
The area found 11 species of breeding birds on the
assumption of the First Birds Directive. The area is of
particular importance as an important breeding ground
for the corncrake in Poland and a number of other
species associated with the extensively used meadows
and pastures - white storks, lapwings, tailed godwit,
snipe, curlew and lapwing.
Thank you for your
The presentation has been prepared
•Bartosz Sobieski
•Kacper Borek
•Kamil Szustak
Zespół Szkół nr.3 im. Jana
Kochanowskiego w Wyszkowie
Class 2LOI