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Name___________________________________ Date:__________ Ancient Mesopotamia Review Packet 6-______ Lesson 1 Geography Vocabulary 1) Drought- Long periods of _____________ weather. 2) Plateau- is an area of_________________________________________. Review 1) The land located in Western Asia, that is in the shape of a crescent is known as the”_____________________________”. 2) The region between the 2 rives is known as_______________________________. It is known as “__________________________________”. 3) ________________________ and ________________________ rivers made life in this area (Fertile Crescent) possible. These rivers start in the ______________ mountains and empties into the_______________________. 4) The most important crops the farmers grew was_____________ and ______________. Mesopotamian valued___________________. Lesson 2 Sumer and Babylon Vocabulary 1) Cuneiform- Was the system of_________________ invented in_______________. 2) City- State- Is a self- governing city that also governs surrounding______________. 3) Ziggurat- Was a____________________________________________________. 4) Polytheism- Is the belief in____________________________________________. 5) Code of Law- Is a written set of laws that apply to everyone under a ___________. Review 1) Sumerians used a sharpened _______________ to write/carve with. 2) Like in Ancient Egypt, _____________ usually could not write. Mostly___________ were scribes; but in Ancient Mesopotamia very rarely__________ learned to write. 3) _________________________ was a mythical hero who was known as the strongest in the land and the best fighter. He was believed to be part____________ and part__________. 4) City- states often went to war to gain control over______________. Strong _____________ were built around the cities. The_________ palace could be seen from anywhere in the city. 5) Unlike Egyptian Pharaohs, _________________ kings were not seen as__________. 6) In the center of the city was a__________________. This showed that_______________ was very important. Each______________ had a special god or goddess. It was found on the _____________________. 7) Like Egyptian, Sumerians believed in__________ gods or goddesses. This is known as______________________. Goddess of love and war is______________ and ___________ is the god of water. 8) The city- states were united under__________________. The king of the citystate____________. 9)____________________ was Babylon's king (he also gained control over____________). He created the_________________________________, which is one of the worlds oldest codes of law. His philosophy is “___________________________”. Unlike the_________________________the Code of Hammurabi used “physical punishment”. Lesson 3 The Beginnings of Judaism Vocabulary 1) Judaism- Is the_____________________________________________________. 2) Torah- Means “______________________________”. 3) Monotheism- The belief in only ______________ God. 4) Ten Commandments- The laws that God gave Moses on Mount______________. 5) Sabbath- Is the weekly day of __________, ____________, and_____________. 6) Diaspora- The scattering of_____________ to ___________ parts of the world. Review 1) _________________ is the_________________ of Judaism, who according to the Bible, led his family from__________ to _________________ in obedience to God's command. 2) __________________ is a special agreement with God. The____________ between God and _______________ is considered to the Jewish people the ____________ of their history. Later descendants would be known as Israelites or people of Israel, after Abraham's grandson__________________. 3) Due to drought and famine people (Jews) left the Fertile Crescent and became______________ in Egypt. 4) _____________ was born an Israelite, who was adopted by the Pharaoh's daughter. He was responsible for freeing the slaves in _____________. Moses spoke to God, he was known as a________________. Jews celebrate________________ to remember their freedom. 5) On Mount____________ God gave Moses five books of laws and teaching (Torah) and the Ten________________________. 6) Some laws are common to laws in Babylonia. Like the Code of______________, the Torah had laws for stealing and hurting others. One _______________is that the Hebrews forbade them to worship any other_________. This became known as ______________________, it set them apart from the rest of the people in the Fertile Crescent. 7) King____________ made__________________ the capital.