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Ancient Mesopotamia Review Packet
Lesson 1 Geography
1) Drought- Long periods of _____________ weather.
2) Plateau- is an area of_________________________________________.
1) The land located in Western Asia, that is in the shape of a crescent is known as
2) The region between the 2 rives is known as_______________________________. It
is known as “__________________________________”.
3) ________________________ and ________________________ rivers made life in
this area (Fertile Crescent) possible. These rivers start in the ______________
mountains and empties into the_______________________.
4) The most important crops the farmers grew was_____________ and
______________. Mesopotamian valued___________________.
Lesson 2 Sumer and Babylon
1) Cuneiform- Was the system of_________________ invented in_______________.
2) City- State- Is a self- governing city that also governs surrounding______________.
3) Ziggurat- Was a____________________________________________________.
4) Polytheism- Is the belief in____________________________________________.
5) Code of Law- Is a written set of laws that apply to everyone under a ___________.
1) Sumerians used a sharpened _______________ to write/carve with.
2) Like in Ancient Egypt, _____________ usually could not write. Mostly___________
were scribes; but in Ancient Mesopotamia very rarely__________ learned to write.
3) _________________________ was a mythical hero who was known as the strongest
in the land and the best fighter. He was believed to be part____________ and
4) City- states often went to war to gain control over______________. Strong
_____________ were built around the cities. The_________ palace could be seen from
anywhere in the city.
5) Unlike Egyptian Pharaohs, _________________ kings were not seen
6) In the center of the city was a__________________. This showed
that_______________ was very important. Each______________ had a special god or
goddess. It was found on the _____________________.
7) Like Egyptian, Sumerians believed in__________ gods or goddesses. This is known
as______________________. Goddess of love and war is______________ and
___________ is the god of water.
8) The city- states were united under__________________. The king of the citystate____________.
9)____________________ was Babylon's king (he also gained control
over____________). He created the_________________________________, which is
one of the worlds oldest codes of law. His philosophy is
“___________________________”. Unlike the_________________________the Code
of Hammurabi used “physical punishment”.
Lesson 3 The Beginnings of Judaism
1) Judaism- Is the_____________________________________________________.
2) Torah- Means “______________________________”.
3) Monotheism- The belief in only ______________ God.
4) Ten Commandments- The laws that God gave Moses on Mount______________.
5) Sabbath- Is the weekly day of __________, ____________, and_____________.
6) Diaspora- The scattering of_____________ to ___________ parts of the world.
1) _________________ is the_________________ of Judaism, who according to the
Bible, led his family from__________ to _________________ in obedience to God's
2) __________________ is a special agreement with God. The____________ between
God and _______________ is considered to the Jewish people the ____________ of
their history. Later descendants would be known as Israelites or people of Israel, after
Abraham's grandson__________________.
3) Due to drought and famine people (Jews) left the Fertile Crescent and
became______________ in Egypt.
4) _____________ was born an Israelite, who was adopted by the Pharaoh's daughter.
He was responsible for freeing the slaves in _____________. Moses spoke to God, he
was known as a________________. Jews celebrate________________ to remember
their freedom.
5) On Mount____________ God gave Moses five books of laws and teaching (Torah)
and the Ten________________________.
6) Some laws are common to laws in Babylonia. Like the Code of______________, the
Torah had laws for stealing and hurting others. One _______________is that the
Hebrews forbade them to worship any other_________. This became known as
______________________, it set them apart from the rest of the people in the Fertile
7) King____________ made__________________ the capital.