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Restorative Art
Introduction and Orientation
Restorative Art
 Mayer:
page 501
 “care of the deceased to recreate natural
form and color”
 4 objectives:
1) ease psychological effect on the family
2) make good public relations for the firm
3) lessen morbid curiosity of the public
4) professional responsibility
Anatomical Position
 Klicker
page 14
 “the body is erect, feet together, palms
facing forward, and thumbs pointed away
from the body”
Terms of Form, Position and
Left and right are also in reference to the
decedent’s left and right.
Terms (cont’d)
 Anterior
and Posterior
 Superior and Inferior
 Medial and Lateral
 Bilateral
 Frontal and Profile
 Planes: median, horizontal, oblique,
 Projection and Recession
Terms (cont’d)
 Depression
and Protrusion
 Concave/Concavity and Convex/Convexity
 Inclination
 Symmetry and Asymmetry
 Physiognomy
 Norm
Classes of Cases Requiring
Klicker page 81 and Mayer page 505
 1) Injuries
2) Disease (Pathological)
3) Post-mortem Tissue Changes
4) Embalming
Conservative Approach (Mayer page 501)
Types of Restoration
 Klicker
page 9
 Minor Restoration: “requiring minimum
effort, skill, or time to complete”
 Major
Restoration: “those requiring a long
period of time, are extensive, require
advanced technical skill, and expressed
written consent to perform”
 Obtain
written permission from the family
before doing any restoration that requires
incisions, excisions or anything that may
be considered a mutiliation!!
Time-table of Restorative
 Klicker
page 81 and Mayer page 507
 Pre-embalming Treatments
 Embalming
 Post-embalming
Ethnic Characteristics
 Klicker
page 12
 White/European/Caucasian/Caucasoid
 Black/African/Negroid
 Yellow/Asiatic/Mongoloid
Geometric Form of the Normal
 Klicker
page 12
 Oval with one end broader than the other.
 Greatest width is compared with greatest
 Greatest width = 2/3 the length
Types of Skull
 Infant:
facial portion is 1/8 the cranial area
underdeveloped upper and lower jaw
absence of teeth
birth to 7 years: rapid growth
7 years to puberty: slow growth
puberty: significant growth
22 years: sutures ossify
Adult Skull
 Facial
portion: ½ size cranial area
 Male and female develop similarly until
 Female: lighter and smaller
cranial capacity: 10% less
walls thinner and smoother
upper and lower jaws smaller
infantine characteristics
 reduction
of size of upper and lower jaws
due to the loss of teeth
 reduction in size of alveolar processes
 reduction in vertical length of the face and
an alteration in the angle of the jaw